Ashraf, M

A Profile Of Serum Albumin, Serum Globulin And Total Leukocytic Count In Prepubertal Buffalo Calves - 1993

One hundred and fifty samples each coagulated and non- coagulated blood were collected from 0-5 months of age buffalo calves (100 healthy and 50 diseased buffalo calves).
The samples were analysed for total Serum protein, Serum albumin, Serum globulin and Total Leukocytic Count by using Biuret method, BCG method and standard techniques of Coles for Total Leukocytic Count.
The mean Total Serum Protein values for healthy buffalo calves (0-5 months of age) ranged between 5.407 to 7.446 g/dl. A gradual increase in Total Serum Protein levels was observed with an increase of age. The Total Serum Protein values for diseased buffalo calves varied as compared t healthy calves. A decrease in mean

Total Serum Protein levels (6.409 ± 0.343) was associated with diarrhoea, heat storke and round worm infestation, as compared to the mean Total Serum Protein levels in healthy calves (6.657 ± 0.327). An increase in Total Serum Protein level (5.780 g/dl) was observed during 1st month of age as compared to healthy calves (5.407 g/dl). This increase was due to dehydration.

A gradual increase in mean Serum albumin levels 2.255 to 3.353 g/dl (2.792 ± 0.177) was observed in healthy buffalo calves 0-5 months of age. A significant (P < 0.05) difference in Serum albumin values was observed in all age groups both in healthy and diseased buffalo calves except 5th month of age. A decrease in mean Serum albumifl levels (2.499 ± 0.173) was observed in calves suffering from diarrhoea, heat storke round worm infestation.

The mean Serum globulin levels observed in healthy buffalo calves (0-5 months of age) ranged between 3.210 to 4.085 g/dl (3.621 ± 0.181). These Serum globulin levels showed a gradual increase with increase in age of buffalo calves An Increase in mean Serum globulin levels (3 86 ± 0 163) was observed in diseased buffalo calves as compared to healthy calves in all age groups. The diseased calves were associated vith diarrhoea, heat storke and round worm infestation.

A gradual increase in mean Total Leukocytic Count (9.222 ± 0.168 x 103/microliter) was observed with an increase of age in healthy buffalo calves (0-5 months of age). A significant (P<0.05) increase in mean Total Leukocytic Count (10.096 ± 0.229) was observed in calves suffering from diarrhoea, heat storke'and round worm infestation.

From the foregoing it. was concluded that these blood parameters are important tools in investigation/diagnosis of many diseases. Further more these parameters enable us to understand and compare the levels of humoral and cellular defensive components in a natural farm condition in buffalo calves before the age of puberty.



Department of Clinical Medicine & Surgery

0347,T


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