Immuno Pathological Effects Of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) In Commercial Broiler Chickens (Record no. 3481)

000 -LEADER
fixed length control field 03227nam a2200205Ia 4500
005 - DATE AND TIME OF LATEST TRANSACTION
control field 20170807153327.0
008 - FIXED-LENGTH DATA ELEMENTS--GENERAL INFORMATION
fixed length control field 150525s2012 xx 000 0 und d
041 ## - LANGUAGE CODE
Language code of text/sound track or separate title eng
082 ## - DEWEY DECIMAL CLASSIFICATION NUMBER
Classification number 1774,T
100 ## - MAIN ENTRY--AUTHOR NAME
Personal name Zahid Jawad
110 ## - MAIN ENTRY--CORPORATE NAME
Location of meeting Prof. Dr. Muhammad Younus
245 ## - TITLE STATEMENT
Title Immuno Pathological Effects Of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) In Commercial Broiler Chickens
260 ## - PUBLICATION, DISTRIBUTION, ETC. (IMPRINT)
Year of publication 2012
502 ## - DISSERTATION NOTE
Dissertation note These experiments were conducted to study the effects of Azadirachta indica admixed in poultry feed on weight gain performance, haemtological values,immune modulations, and toxic effects in broiler chickens. A total number of 144 commercial broiler 1-day old chicks were reared in the experimental sheds of the Department of Pathology, University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Lahore, The birds were fed with balanced commercial feed and water ad libitum. The birds were divided into 3 groups; A, B and C having fourty eight chicks each. Birds of all groups were sub divided into four groups of each i.e. A1, A2, A3 and A4; B1, B2, B3 & B4 and C1, C2, C3 and C4, respectively. Each of the sub groups containd 12 birds. Sub groups A4, B4 and C4 were control group with no medication. The birds of groups A, B and C were fed with poultry feed containing dry powder of neem leaves @ 2 gm, 4 gm and 6gm per kg of feed respectively. The birds of groups A1, B1 and C1 were treated with the herb from day 0 to 42 of their life. The birds of groups A2, B2 and C2 were given the neem from day 14 to 42 of their life, whereas the birds of groups A3, B3 and C3 were treated with the herb from day 28 to 42 of their life. Difference between weekly weight gain in the birds of groups A1, B1 and C1 was non significant (P>0.05) however the difference between weight gain in the treated and control groups was significant (P<0.05). The birds treated with the herb from day 0 of their life showed more weight gain. There was no difference in the haematological indices between all of the treated groups and the control groups. The neem treated birds showed increased antibody titers against ND and IBD viruses as compared to control groups. The values of ALP and ASTshowed decreasing trend when the level of neem leaf meal was increased in the ration. Serum creatinine and serum uric acid values posed a slight declining trend in the neem fed birds. There was a decrease in serum cholesterol level in the neem treated bird groups, the higher the concentreation of the herb, the lower the cholesterol value. The organ body weight indices showed that there was no significant difference in liver, spleen and thymus weights among treated groups as well between treated and control groups. There was absence of prominent gross pathological lesions in liver, spleen, kidneys and thymus, however some treated groups showed mild hypertrophied liver and kidneys as did the organs of the birds in control groups. No histopathological changes except a few mild changes were observed in liver, spleen, kidneys and thymus in the birds of experimental groups.
650 ## - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical Term Department of Pathology
650 ## - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical Term Phd. thesis
700 ## - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
Personal name Dr. Muti-ur-Rehman
700 ## - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
Personal name Prof. Dr. Azhar
942 ## - ADDED ENTRY ELEMENTS (KOHA)
Koha item type Thesis
Holdings
Damaged status Collection code Permanent Location Current Location Shelving location Date acquired Full call number Accession Number Koha item type
  Veterinary Science UVAS Library UVAS Library Thesis Section 2015-06-01 1774,T 1774,T Thesis


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