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Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Survey Of Food Poisoning In District Swat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan

By: Farman Ali (2014-VA-1115) | Dr. Azmat Ullah Khan.
Contributor(s): Dr. Waqas Ahmad | Dr. Khezar Hayat.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: 2016Description: 81p.Subject(s): Food Safety and ControlDDC classification: 2694-T Dissertation note: Food safety is an important public health concern. Food poisoning and foodborne diseases effect on socio-economic status of the developing countries like Pakistan. The word “Food Poisoning” used as synonymous for foodborne diseases or foodborne illness, characterized by short incubation period, acute illness and clinical symptoms are mainly gastro-intestinal disturbance. It is difficult to estimate food poisoning and foodborne diseases in Pakistan because Pakistan is included in underdeveloped low economic countries. Lack of public awareness, poor infection control strategy, weak monitoring and surveillance system are the major problems in Pakistan. Inadequate knowledge, attitude and unhygienic practices are associated with food poisoning. Food related diseases depend on consumer knowledge, attitude and practice. Knowledge, attitude and practices of general population were analyzed in district Swat. Data were collected conveniently form 1000 respondents, both genders of age 18 and above were administrated face to face interview, questionnaire was used as a tool to collect primary data from general population in various tehsils of the study area. Microsoft Excel 2010 and SPSS window version 22.0 was used to analyze the data. Significant level was set at 95 percent confidence interval. Chi Square test was used to compare different variables. The results showed that different demographic characteristics and experience of food poisoning was associated with food safety knowledge, related attitude and practices that lead to food poisoning. Food poisoning prevalence was higher in rural area and male respondents were significantly more suffered compare with female. The study showed that residents in the study area have necessary knowledge about food poisoning. The attitudes of the respondents influenced by their knowledge but half of the respondents have negative attitude related to drinking raw milk and eggs. The Summary 81 average practices of the majority respondents were according to the food safety principles however certain behaviors such as hand washing practice while not using soap before preparing and eating food and eating together with hands from the same plate are persistent. There was less association between knowledge and occurrence of food poisoning but the effect was not statistically significant. Certain attitudes and practices are statically associated with food poisoning. The data were limited by the biases of self-reported practices. Observational study is suggested to explore more authentic information about food safety status in the study area. Majority of food poisoning is related to hand washing practices. Proper hand washing practices prevent the spread of transmittable diseases in most effective way. It is thus advised there is a need to improve hand washing practice. Washing fruits and vegetables reduce microbial load and pesticides effect. It is thus advised consumer must thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables. Water without any treatment, as boiling is normally associated with pathogens that can cause food poisoning. We should improve water quality with boiling or chlorination. Consumption of expired product is not safe for human consumption; it is suggested that buyer must check product expiry date before buying. The study suggested that a critical action should be taken to provide food hygiene training to the general population by informing them with the basic principle of food safety at domestic level. The local people’s awareness and perception related to food poisoning and food safety practices was observed. The results of the proposed study provided a baseline data on food safety status in district Swat as well as data helped to estimate the burden of food poisoning in the study area by identifying which factor influence more on food safety and cause food poisoning and foodborne illness.
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Food safety is an important public health concern. Food poisoning and foodborne diseases effect on socio-economic status of the developing countries like Pakistan. The word “Food Poisoning” used as synonymous for foodborne diseases or foodborne illness, characterized by short incubation period, acute illness and clinical symptoms are mainly gastro-intestinal disturbance. It is difficult to estimate food poisoning and foodborne diseases in Pakistan because Pakistan is included in underdeveloped low economic countries. Lack of public awareness, poor infection control strategy, weak monitoring and surveillance system are the major problems in Pakistan.
Inadequate knowledge, attitude and unhygienic practices are associated with food poisoning. Food related diseases depend on consumer knowledge, attitude and practice. Knowledge, attitude and practices of general population were analyzed in district Swat. Data were collected conveniently form 1000 respondents, both genders of age 18 and above were administrated face to face interview, questionnaire was used as a tool to collect primary data from general population in various tehsils of the study area. Microsoft Excel 2010 and SPSS window version 22.0 was used to analyze the data. Significant level was set at 95 percent confidence interval. Chi Square test was used to compare different variables. The results showed that different demographic characteristics and experience of food poisoning was associated with food safety knowledge, related attitude and practices that lead to food poisoning. Food poisoning prevalence was higher in rural area and male respondents were significantly more suffered compare with female. The study showed that residents in the study area have necessary knowledge about food poisoning. The attitudes of the respondents influenced by their knowledge but half of the respondents have negative attitude related to drinking raw milk and eggs. The
Summary
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average practices of the majority respondents were according to the food safety principles however certain behaviors such as hand washing practice while not using soap before preparing and eating food and eating together with hands from the same plate are persistent. There was less association between knowledge and occurrence of food poisoning but the effect was not statistically significant. Certain attitudes and practices are statically associated with food poisoning. The data were limited by the biases of self-reported practices. Observational study is suggested to explore more authentic information about food safety status in the study area.
Majority of food poisoning is related to hand washing practices. Proper hand washing practices prevent the spread of transmittable diseases in most effective way. It is thus advised there is a need to improve hand washing practice. Washing fruits and vegetables reduce microbial load and pesticides effect. It is thus advised consumer must thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables. Water without any treatment, as boiling is normally associated with pathogens that can cause food poisoning. We should improve water quality with boiling or chlorination. Consumption of expired product is not safe for human consumption; it is suggested that buyer must check product expiry date before buying. The study suggested that a critical action should be taken to provide food hygiene training to the general population by informing them with the basic principle of food safety at domestic level.
The local people’s awareness and perception related to food poisoning and food safety practices was observed. The results of the proposed study provided a baseline data on food safety status in district Swat as well as data helped to estimate the burden of food poisoning in the study area by identifying which factor influence more on food safety and cause food poisoning and foodborne illness.

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