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Evaluation Of Antioxidant And Antmicrobial Potential Of Rutin In Combination With Butylated Hydroxytoluene In Cheddar Cheese

By: Bakhtawar Naseer (2014-VA-815) | Dr. Sanaullah Iqbal.
Contributor(s): Mr. Haroon Jamshaid Qazi | Dr. Muhammad Nadeem.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: 2016Description: 69p.Subject(s): Food Safety and ControlDDC classification: 2736-T Dissertation note: Commercially synthetic antioxidants like ButylatedHydroxytoluene (BHT),Butylatedhydroxyanisole(BHA), and ascorbic acid were added in cheese as antioxidants. Researches reveal that synthetic antioxidants havehuman health side effects. With increasing food safety demand, the synthetic antioxidant needs to be replaced with natural antioxidants. Rutin is a natural flavonoid, which has antioxidant and antimicrobial activity and can be used as natural antioxidant to reduce lipolysis and decrease microbial load. Rutinin combination with BHT in various concentrations was added as an antioxidant and antimicrobial agent in Cheddar Cheese to reduce lipolysis and microbial load in Cheddar Cheese. Total no. of treatments (n=7) of cheddar cheese were prepared and analyzed to evaluate the antioxidant and antimicrobial potential of Rutin in combination with BHT. Each treatment was done in replicates. Cheddar cheese was ripened for three months at 8ᵒC. During ripening different types of tests i.e., antioxidant (includes Total phenolic contents, Antioxidant activity in linoleic acid, Anisidine value, Peroxide value, Thiobarbituric acid value, Free Fatty Acid value), antimicrobial (includes Total plate count, Yeast and mould count, Antimicrobial test for S. aureus and E. coli.) were performedat 0, 30, 60 and 90 days of ripening. Sensory evaluation was performed by a penal of five semi trained panel of judges, samples were evaluated for color, taste, flavor and overall acceptability at 0, 30, 60 and 90 days of ripening. Total phenolic contents and antioxidant activity in linoleic acid tend to increase with increasing antioxidants concentrations from T1 to T5. In current study T5 showed slightly more antioxidant capacity than positive control. On the other hand, TPC and AA tend to decrease during storage time from 0 to 90 days which shows that the phenols contents are being utilized during the time to stop free radicles to produce. Anisidine test is used as a chemical indicator of lipid oxidation and to measure the secondary lipid oxidation. In current findings anisidine value increased significantly (p < 0.05) in all treatments from 0 to 90 days storage. In current findings antioxidant activity of the rutin in combination with BHT has no effect on free fatty acid value. But free fatty acid value increase during the time 0 to 90 days due to moisture present in the samples. In current study Peroxide value increased during storage. PV was highest for negative control. T5 had low peroxide value and positive control showed lowest PV. In sensory evaluation color of all the experimental cheddar cheese treated with rutinin combination with BHT and controls were not different from each other (P>0.05).The result showed that increasing rutinin combination with BHT concentration had no effect on the color at storage from 0 to 90 days.In current study taste scores of all the treatments having different concentration of rutinin combination with BHT showed the decreasing trend with storage from 0 to 90 days. Lower sensory score of T5 is maybe because of the high phenolic content in it. T4 has good sensory score and good antioxidant and antimicrobial capacity. Thus, it is concluded that T4 is the best combination of Rutin in combination with BHT in it. Addition of Rutin in combination with BHT increased the total phenolic content and Antioxidant Activity of Cheddar Cheese.It also has significant results for Total plate count and Yeast and mold count. This indicates that Rutin in combination with BHT has the antioxidant and antimicrobial potential in Cheddar Cheese.
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Commercially synthetic antioxidants like ButylatedHydroxytoluene (BHT),Butylatedhydroxyanisole(BHA), and ascorbic acid were added in cheese as antioxidants. Researches reveal that synthetic antioxidants havehuman health side effects. With increasing food safety demand, the synthetic antioxidant needs to be replaced with natural antioxidants. Rutin is a natural flavonoid, which has antioxidant and antimicrobial activity and can be used as natural antioxidant to reduce lipolysis and decrease microbial load.
Rutinin combination with BHT in various concentrations was added as an antioxidant and antimicrobial agent in Cheddar Cheese to reduce lipolysis and microbial load in Cheddar Cheese.
Total no. of treatments (n=7) of cheddar cheese were prepared and analyzed to evaluate the antioxidant and antimicrobial potential of Rutin in combination with BHT. Each treatment was done in replicates. Cheddar cheese was ripened for three months at 8ᵒC. During ripening different types of tests i.e., antioxidant (includes Total phenolic contents, Antioxidant activity in linoleic acid, Anisidine value, Peroxide value, Thiobarbituric acid value, Free Fatty Acid value), antimicrobial (includes Total plate count, Yeast and mould count, Antimicrobial test for S. aureus and E. coli.) were performedat 0, 30, 60 and 90 days of ripening. Sensory evaluation was performed by a penal of five semi trained panel of judges, samples were evaluated for color, taste, flavor and overall acceptability at 0, 30, 60 and 90 days of ripening.
Total phenolic contents and antioxidant activity in linoleic acid tend to increase with increasing antioxidants concentrations from T1 to T5. In current study T5 showed slightly more antioxidant capacity than positive control. On the other hand, TPC and AA tend to decrease during storage time from 0 to 90 days which shows that the phenols contents are being utilized during the time to stop free radicles to produce.
Anisidine test is used as a chemical indicator of lipid oxidation and to measure the secondary lipid oxidation. In current findings anisidine value increased significantly (p < 0.05) in all treatments from 0 to 90 days storage.
In current findings antioxidant activity of the rutin in combination with BHT has no effect on free fatty acid value. But free fatty acid value increase during the time 0 to 90 days due to moisture present in the samples. In current study Peroxide value increased during storage. PV was highest for negative control. T5 had low peroxide value and positive control showed lowest PV.
In sensory evaluation color of all the experimental cheddar cheese treated with rutinin combination with BHT and controls were not different from each other (P>0.05).The result showed that increasing rutinin combination with BHT concentration had no effect on the color at storage from 0 to 90 days.In current study taste scores of all the treatments having different concentration of rutinin combination with BHT showed the decreasing trend with storage from 0 to 90 days. Lower sensory score of T5 is maybe because of the high phenolic content in it. T4 has good sensory score and good antioxidant and antimicrobial capacity. Thus, it is concluded that T4 is the best combination of Rutin in combination with BHT in it. Addition of Rutin in combination with BHT increased the total phenolic content and Antioxidant Activity of Cheddar Cheese.It also has significant results for Total plate count and Yeast and mold count. This indicates that Rutin in combination with BHT has the antioxidant and antimicrobial potential in Cheddar Cheese.

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