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Comparative Efficacy Of Crossed Pinning And Plating For The Repair Of Supracodylar Femoral Fracture In Dogs

By: Imtiaz Rabbani | Mr. Muhammad Arif Khan.
Contributor(s): Mr. Asim Khalid Mahmood | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: 2002Subject(s): Department of Clinical Medicine & SurgeryDDC classification: 0747,T Dissertation note: The supracondylar femoral fracture usually falls into a special type of fracture, which is not treated by ordinary limb splintage devices because of its location near the joint as well as strong distraction of the thigh muscles. hence, emphasis is given to convert the distracting forces into Compressive forces to achieve the desired effects. Different types of internal fixation devices have been tried in the past for the repair of this type of fracture like placement of intramedullary pins, rush pins, intramedullary pins in crossed fashion and the application of the bone plate. The present study was conducted on 12 mongrel dogs divided into two groups of 6 animals each. rfhese groups were designated as group A and group B. Two methods, crossed intramedullary pinning and application of the bone plate were carried out for the repair of supracondylar fernoral fracture in dogs. In group A, the supracondylar region of the femur was surgically exposed, fractured and repaired by crossed intramedullary pinning technique. Whereas in group B the supracondylar region was repaired by the application of bone plate (T-plate). The dogs of each group were kept for a period of 16 weeks postsurgery. '['he results were obtained on the basis of clinical, radiographic and postmortem evaluation. The results of the study clearly indicated that the use of bone plate is a better fixation device with minimal post-operative complications for the repair of supraconclylar femoral fracture in dogs.
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Veterinary Science 0747,T (Browse shelf) Available 0747,T
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The supracondylar femoral fracture usually falls into a special type of fracture, which is not treated by ordinary limb splintage devices because of its location near the joint as well as strong distraction of the thigh muscles. hence, emphasis is given to convert the distracting forces into Compressive forces to achieve the desired effects. Different types of internal fixation devices have been tried in the past for the repair of this type of fracture like placement of intramedullary pins, rush pins, intramedullary pins in crossed fashion and the application of the bone plate. The present study was conducted on 12 mongrel dogs divided into two groups of 6 animals each. rfhese groups were designated as group A and group B. Two methods, crossed intramedullary pinning and application of the bone plate were carried out for the repair of supracondylar fernoral fracture in dogs. In group A, the supracondylar region of the femur was surgically exposed, fractured and repaired by crossed intramedullary pinning technique. Whereas in group B the supracondylar region was repaired by the application of bone plate (T-plate).
The dogs of each group were kept for a period of 16 weeks postsurgery. '['he results were obtained on the basis of clinical, radiographic and postmortem evaluation. The results of the study clearly indicated that the use of bone plate is a better fixation device with minimal post-operative complications for the repair of supraconclylar femoral fracture in dogs.

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