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Factors Affecting Biomass Producation Of Baby Hamster Kidney Cell Line In Roller Bottle Culture System For The Production of Foot and Mouth Diseas Virus

By: Qaiser Akram | Prof. Dr. Khushi Muhammad.
Contributor(s): Prof. Dr. Masood Rabbani.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: 2012Subject(s): Department of Microbiology | Phd. thesisDDC classification: 1554,T Dissertation note: Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is endemic in Pakistan and killed virus vaccines against prevalent serotypes are used for the control of disease. Baby Hamster Kidney (BHK-21) cells as monolayer culture are routinely used for the propagation of FMD viruses. Various nutritional factors: amount of growth medium and serum concentration as well as physical conditions: seeding density, rolling speed, growth time, and incubation temperature for the propagation of BHK-21 cells on roller culture bottles were optimized. The roller culture bottles having surface area of 480 cm2 were used for the propagation of cells. Feeding of cells with 100 ml of growth medium per bottle and supplementation of 5% serum supported the growth of the cells in optimum way. Seeding of ten million cells per bottle resulted into the development of complete monolayer with maximum cell density within 48 hours. The cultured cells remained confluent up to 60 hours while a rapid decline in the number of harvested cells was recorded after 72 hours of incubation. Growth rate of the cells was slower at 33° C that increases at 35° C, reaching to its maximum at 37° C while cells could not tolerate the temperature of 39° C. The bottles kept at rolling speed of 3 rpm yielded maximum amount of cells while higher or lower rotation speed negatively affected the cell proliferation. Antibody response of buffalo calves to different levels of FMD virus immunogen in trivalent vaccine was investigated. The vaccine containing 106.2 units of immunogen/TCID50 of each of the three serotypes of FMD virus induced log2(1.3± 0.4) units of anti-FMD "O" Complement Fixing Cumulative Geometric Mean antibody (FMD"O" CFT-CGM) titer, log2(1.4±0.3) units of anti-FMD"A" CFT-CGM titer and log2(2.0±0.7) units of anti-FMD"Asia-1" CFT-CGM titer. The vaccine containing 2x106.2 units of immunogen of each of the three serotypes of FMD virus induced log2(2.2±0.2) units of anti- FMD"O" CFT-CGM titer, log2(2.1±0.25) units of anti- FMD"A" CFT-CGM titer and log2(3.4±0.8) units of anti-FMD"Asia-1" CFT-CGM titer. The vaccine containing 3x106.2 units of TCID50 of each of the three serotypes of FMD virus induced log2 (5.3 ± 2.0) units of anti-FMD"O" CFT-CGM titer, log2 (4.6±1.9) units of anti-FMD"A" CFT-CGM titer and log2 (5.0±2.2) units of anti- FMD"Asia-1" CFT-CGM titer. The vaccine containing 4 x 106.2 units of TCID50 of each of the three serotypes of FMD virus induced log2(5.5±1.5) units of anti-FMD"O" CFT-CGM titer, log2(4.4±1.9) units of anti-FMD"A" CFT-CGM titer and log2(5.2±1.9) units of anti-FMD"Asia-1" CFT-CGM titer. Moreover, buffalo calves (n=3) which were primed and boosted with 60 days interval using vaccine containing 2x106.2units of immunogen of each serotype of FMD virus, showed log25.0 and log26.3 units of anti FMD"O"-CFT-GMT antibody titer, log24.6 and log2 6.0 units of anti FMD"A"-CFT GMT antibody titer, log25.6 and log26.0 units of anti FMD"Asia-1"-CFT GMT antibody titer, on 30 and 120 days post boosting. Each serotype of the virus grew well on BHK-21 cell line. The virus showed poor TCID50 (log 103.2±0.2) in BHK-21 cells having Glasgow Minimal Essential Medium (GMEM) without Fetal Calf Serum (FCS). Addition of FCS in the medium at the rate of one percent increased log 107.1±0.2 units of virus TCID50. Incubation temperature of 350 C and 370 C supported the multiplication and maintenance of BHK-21 cells and yielded log106.6±0.1 and log107.0±0.2units of virus TCID50, respectively. Each serotype of FMD virus showed log106.29±0.07 units of virus TCID50 in the stationary monolayer of BHK-21 cells in Roux flask (75cm2), log107.66± 0.02 units of virus TCID50 in roller bottles (490 cm2) and log108.34 ± 0.07 units of virus TCID50 on 0.2 g of micro-carriers suspending in 200 ml of the growth medium in stirring bottle. The infectivity titer/TCID50 of each of the virus serotypes was significantly higher in roller bottles than that achieved in Roux flasks (p<0.05) and was significantly higher in stirring bottle containing micro-carriers suspending in the growth medium than that of harvested in roller bottle (p<0.05). It is concluded that the infectivity titer of the virus is directly proportional to number of BHK-21 cells in the culture system.
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Veterinary Science 1554,T (Browse shelf) Available 1554,T
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Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is endemic in Pakistan and killed virus vaccines against prevalent serotypes are used for the control of disease. Baby Hamster Kidney (BHK-21) cells as monolayer culture are routinely used for the propagation of FMD viruses. Various nutritional factors: amount of growth medium and serum concentration as well as physical conditions: seeding density, rolling speed, growth time, and incubation temperature for the propagation of BHK-21 cells on roller culture bottles were optimized. The roller culture bottles having surface area of 480 cm2 were used for the propagation of cells. Feeding of cells with 100 ml of growth medium per bottle and supplementation of 5% serum supported the growth of the cells in optimum way. Seeding of ten million cells per bottle resulted into the development of complete monolayer with maximum cell density within 48 hours. The cultured cells remained confluent up to 60 hours while a rapid decline in the number of harvested cells was recorded after 72 hours of incubation. Growth rate of the cells was slower at 33° C that increases at 35° C, reaching to its maximum at 37° C while cells could not tolerate the temperature of 39° C. The bottles kept at rolling speed of 3 rpm yielded maximum amount of cells while higher or lower rotation speed negatively affected the cell proliferation.
Antibody response of buffalo calves to different levels of FMD virus immunogen in trivalent vaccine was investigated. The vaccine containing 106.2 units of immunogen/TCID50 of each of the three serotypes of FMD virus induced log2(1.3± 0.4) units of anti-FMD "O" Complement Fixing Cumulative Geometric Mean antibody (FMD"O" CFT-CGM) titer, log2(1.4±0.3) units of anti-FMD"A" CFT-CGM titer and log2(2.0±0.7) units of anti-FMD"Asia-1" CFT-CGM titer. The vaccine containing 2x106.2 units of immunogen of each of the three serotypes of FMD virus induced log2(2.2±0.2) units of anti- FMD"O" CFT-CGM titer, log2(2.1±0.25) units of anti- FMD"A" CFT-CGM titer and log2(3.4±0.8) units of anti-FMD"Asia-1" CFT-CGM titer. The vaccine containing 3x106.2 units of TCID50 of each of the three serotypes of FMD virus induced log2 (5.3 ± 2.0) units of anti-FMD"O" CFT-CGM titer, log2 (4.6±1.9) units of anti-FMD"A" CFT-CGM titer and log2 (5.0±2.2) units of anti- FMD"Asia-1" CFT-CGM titer. The vaccine containing 4 x 106.2 units of TCID50 of each of the three serotypes of FMD virus induced log2(5.5±1.5) units of anti-FMD"O" CFT-CGM titer, log2(4.4±1.9) units of anti-FMD"A" CFT-CGM titer and log2(5.2±1.9) units of anti-FMD"Asia-1" CFT-CGM titer. Moreover, buffalo calves (n=3) which were primed and boosted with 60 days interval using vaccine containing 2x106.2units of immunogen of each serotype of FMD virus, showed log25.0 and log26.3 units of anti FMD"O"-CFT-GMT antibody titer, log24.6 and log2 6.0 units of anti FMD"A"-CFT GMT antibody titer, log25.6 and log26.0 units of anti FMD"Asia-1"-CFT GMT antibody titer, on 30 and 120 days post boosting.
Each serotype of the virus grew well on BHK-21 cell line. The virus showed poor TCID50 (log 103.2±0.2) in BHK-21 cells having Glasgow Minimal Essential Medium (GMEM) without Fetal Calf Serum (FCS). Addition of FCS in the medium at the rate of one percent increased log 107.1±0.2 units of virus TCID50. Incubation temperature of 350 C and 370 C supported the multiplication and maintenance of BHK-21 cells and yielded log106.6±0.1 and log107.0±0.2units of virus TCID50, respectively. Each serotype of FMD virus showed log106.29±0.07 units of virus TCID50 in the stationary monolayer of BHK-21 cells in Roux flask (75cm2), log107.66± 0.02 units of virus TCID50 in roller bottles (490 cm2) and log108.34 ± 0.07 units of virus TCID50 on 0.2 g of micro-carriers suspending in 200 ml of the growth medium in stirring bottle. The infectivity titer/TCID50 of each of the virus serotypes was significantly higher in roller bottles than that achieved in Roux flasks (p<0.05) and was significantly higher in stirring bottle containing micro-carriers suspending in the growth medium than that of harvested in roller bottle (p<0.05). It is concluded that the infectivity titer of the virus is directly proportional to number of BHK-21 cells in the culture system.

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