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Assessment Of Variour Nutrient's Intake In Pregnant And Lactating Women Through Food Frequency Checklist And 24-Hour Dietary Recall In Lahore

By: Hasiba Munir (2008-VA-435) | Dr. Muhammad Nasir.
Contributor(s): Prof. Dr. Nosheen Aziz | Dr. Zubair Farooq | Dr. Yasin Tipu.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: 2015Description: 93p.Subject(s): Department of Food and NutritionDDC classification: 2357-T Dissertation note: Poor nutritional status during pregnancy is a contributory factor in maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. Widespread household food insecurity (58.1% households are food insecure) and poor knowledge about nutrient requirements in pregnant and lactating women are the major cause of nutritional deficiencies. This study is planned to assess nutrients’ intake among pregnant and lactating women and to compare with standard requirements. A cross sectional survey design was used to assess the nutrients’ intake of 110 pregnant and 110 lactating women from 6 Union Councils (two urban, two per-urban and two rural Union Councils) of Lahore and Rajanpur districts. Nutrients’ intake was assessed by using a pre-tested structured questionnaire to interview the pregnant and lactating women at one point in time. Weight, height and mid upper arm circumference was measured through anthropometric measures, 24 hour dietary recall, and food frequency was used to assess nutrients’ intake. The data was analyzed bychi-square and cross tabs using SPSS version 20.0 and was presented in percentage, frequencies and charts to assess the nutritional deficiencies.Significance level was defined as p≤ 0.05. The results shows that majority of the women were deficient in energy and nutrient's intake through daily diet. In both districts pregnant and lactating women were not consuming their required amount of various nutrient's according to their maternal status. Results show significant difference in Lahore and Rajanpur districts most of the nutrient's deficiency was present in Rajanpur as compare to Lahore. Severely low dietary intake of various nutrients was calculated and analyzed. According to the results dietary intake of various nutrients was severely low in selected women with following percentage protein was 39.1%, folate 40%, B12 20.5%, B6 74.5%, vitamin C 30.5%, vitamin A 14.1%, vitamin D 69.1%, calcium 26.8%, iron 96.8% and zinc 70.9%. These results shows very adverse situation of important nutrient's intake of pregnant and lactating women through diet.
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Poor nutritional status during pregnancy is a contributory factor in maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. Widespread household food insecurity (58.1% households are food insecure) and poor knowledge about nutrient requirements in pregnant and lactating women are the major cause of nutritional deficiencies. This study is planned to assess nutrients’ intake among pregnant and lactating women and to compare with standard requirements.
A cross sectional survey design was used to assess the nutrients’ intake of 110 pregnant and 110 lactating women from 6 Union Councils (two urban, two per-urban and two rural Union Councils) of Lahore and Rajanpur districts. Nutrients’ intake was assessed by using a pre-tested structured questionnaire to interview the pregnant and lactating women at one point in time. Weight, height and mid upper arm circumference was measured through anthropometric measures, 24 hour dietary recall, and food frequency was used to assess nutrients’ intake.
The data was analyzed bychi-square and cross tabs using SPSS version 20.0 and was presented in percentage, frequencies and charts to assess the nutritional deficiencies.Significance level was defined as p≤ 0.05.
The results shows that majority of the women were deficient in energy and nutrient's intake through daily diet. In both districts pregnant and lactating women were not consuming their required amount of various nutrient's according to their maternal status. Results show significant difference in Lahore and Rajanpur districts most of the nutrient's deficiency was present in Rajanpur as compare to Lahore. Severely low dietary intake of various nutrients was calculated and analyzed. According to the results dietary intake of various nutrients was severely low in selected women with following percentage protein was 39.1%, folate 40%, B12 20.5%, B6 74.5%, vitamin C 30.5%, vitamin A 14.1%, vitamin D 69.1%, calcium 26.8%, iron 96.8% and zinc 70.9%. These results shows very adverse situation of important nutrient's intake of pregnant and lactating women through diet.

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