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Evaluation Of Factors For Refusal Of Polio Vaccination During Immunization Campaigns In Aziz Bhatti Town, Lahore

By: Fatima Majeed | Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry.
Contributor(s): Prof. Dr. Mansour-Ud-Din Ahmad.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: 2016Description: 74p.Subject(s): Epidemiology and Public HealthDDC classification: 2633-T Dissertation note: Polio is acute and devastating diseases. It has only human host. Joint efforts of international agencies will be very helpful for achieving the target of Global Polio Eradication. We are still lagging behind, as 3 countries of the world including Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria are polio endemic countries. In poliomyelitis 90-95 % cases have no symptoms, 4-8 % has minor illness, 1-2 % has meningitis, while paralytic poliomyelitis is seen in only 0.1-0.5 % of cases. Polio virus is member of entero virus subgroup of family Picornaviradae. Picorna viruses are small ether-insensitive with RNA genome. There are 3 polioviruses serotypes (p1, p2, p3). Unskilled workers, lack of commitment of polio workers, inadequate training, non-professional attitude of polio team and too frequent campaign are common causes for refusal to give polio vaccination to children. The parents of less than 5 years age children of Aziz Bhatti town, who were approached for the vaccination of polio during immunization campaign, were included in the study. A sample of 260 children‟s was included. The study conducted for a period of one year. The data was collected from the parents / guardian of the children who were approached for vaccination during the immunization campaign in Aziz Bhatti, town, Lahore. The consent was taken from them Data was compiled in Excel and entered and analyzed through SPSS. The data was represented through charts, graphs. Rate, ratios and frequencies were calculated. Chi square 69 Summary test was applied and the test of significance was applied at P values of 0.05. Any value less than 0.05 was considered as significant. The result of study will be forwarded to health authorities to be used in future to make active measure for successful polio vaccination so that refusal can be brought to zero, and target of polio elimination can be achieved in Pakistan.
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Polio is acute and devastating diseases. It has only human host. Joint efforts of international agencies will be very helpful for achieving the target of Global Polio Eradication. We are still lagging behind, as 3 countries of the world including Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria are polio endemic countries. In poliomyelitis 90-95 % cases have no symptoms, 4-8 % has minor illness, 1-2 % has meningitis, while paralytic poliomyelitis is seen in only 0.1-0.5 % of cases. Polio virus is member of entero virus subgroup of family Picornaviradae. Picorna viruses are small ether-insensitive with RNA genome. There are 3 polioviruses serotypes (p1, p2, p3).
Unskilled workers, lack of commitment of polio workers, inadequate training, non-professional attitude of polio team and too frequent campaign are common causes for refusal to give polio vaccination to children.
The parents of less than 5 years age children of Aziz Bhatti town, who were approached for the vaccination of polio during immunization campaign, were included in the study. A sample of 260 children‟s was included. The study conducted for a period of one year.
The data was collected from the parents / guardian of the children who were approached for vaccination during the immunization campaign in Aziz Bhatti, town, Lahore. The consent was taken from them
Data was compiled in Excel and entered and analyzed through SPSS. The data was represented through charts, graphs. Rate, ratios and frequencies were calculated. Chi square
69
Summary
test was applied and the test of significance was applied at P values of 0.05. Any value less than 0.05 was considered as significant.
The result of study will be forwarded to health authorities to be used in future to make active measure for successful polio vaccination so that refusal can be brought to zero, and target of polio elimination can be achieved in Pakistan.

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