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1. Study On The Effect Of Various Levels Of Dietary Protein In Quail

by Saleem Khan, M | Ch.Muhammed Saleem | Muhameed ASlam Bhatti | Nisar Ahmed.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1985Dissertation note: The experiment was conducted on 270 one day old Japanese quail (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica) to study the effect of various levels of dietary protein on the performance of quail chicks. The chicks were randomly divided into five experimental groups, comprising 54 chicks. Each group was further sub-divided into 3 replicates of 18 chicks each. The data collected was statiscally analysed using analysis of variance. Five experimental rations A, B, C, D and E containing 24, 26, 28, 30 and 32 percent protein were prepared respectively. The rations were isocaloric, each containing about me 2800 Kcal/kg. The allotted rations and fresh water were provided to the respective groups ad lib for a period of eight weeks. Brooder temperature was maintained at 95o F during first week of the study. It was lowered at the rate of 5oF every week till it reached 70oF, thereafter it was kept constant. The rest of the managemental and environmental conditions were identical. The results of the study revealed non-significant difference in body weight, feed consumption and feed conversion in all the five groups of experimental chicks. Best feed conversion ratio was observed in chicks fed on ration B and C containing 26 and 28% protein respectively. Chicks fed on ration A, D and E revealed poor feed conversion ratio. Maximum mortality (7.4%) was observed in chicks fed on ration B containing 26% protein. The results indicated that birds fed on 26% protein gave the highest dressing percentage (70.2) while chicks fed on 24% protein gave the minimum dressing percentage (65.1). Best feathering was observed in group B fed on ration containing 26% protein and poorest feathering was in the chicks fed on ration a containing 24% protein. Results of the experiment indicated that chicks fed on 26% protein ration gave the best performance and were quite economical. Conclusion At the end of study, it was found that Japanese quail (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica) can be reared economically on a ration containing 26% protein under local environmental conditions with best weight gain, feed conversion ratio, feather development, dressing percentage and lowest mortality percentage. It is, therefore, recommended that the quail should be reared by using 26% protein in ration. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0019,T] (1).

2. A Comparative Study Of Gastro-Intestinal Helminths In Desi (Indjegenous) & Commercial Layers With Taxonomy Of The Isolates

by Saleem Khan, M | Dr. Asif Rabbani | Dr. M. Sarwar | Dr. Mubashar Saeed Mian | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print Publisher: 1991Dissertation note: The present project was designed to estimate and compare the extent of helminth infestation in Desi (indigenous) and commercial (W.L.H) poultry layers along with taxonomi study of the isolated species. A total number of six hundred (600) gut samples of adult layers i.e. three hundred (300) each of desi (indigenous) and commercial (W.L.H) were collected from June through october 1991. The parasites were recovered from the gastrointestinal tract of birds by adopting described method at the Parasitology Laboratory College of Veterinary Sciences Lahore. The overall prevalence of helminth parasites (netnatodes and cestodes) was 80.3% in desi and 32.6% in commercial (W.L.H) birds. The nematodes were found in 210(70%) in desi (indigenous) and in 62 (20.6%) of commercial (W.L.H) guts. Among the nematodes different species were identified and their infection rate on single and/or multiple basis was established. Ascaridia galli was the most prevailing species 167 (55.6%) followed by Heterakis allinae 38(12.6%), Subulura bruinpti 45 (1b.k) wniie iiojua trachea was very rare and was present only in 5 (1.6%) of desi (indigenous) birds. In commercial (W.L.H) layers the nematodes singly and/or on multiple basis were recorded in 98(32.61) of birds Ascaridia alli alone infected 49(16.3%), HtrJd. gallinae 7 (2.3%) and Subulura brunipti 8 (2.6%) of birds while Svnainus trachea was very rare and present only in 2 (0.6%) of the tracheas. The overall incidence of cestodes was slightly higher than those of nematode parasites. It was found to be 65.0% and 22.6% in desi (indigenous) and commercial (W.L.H) layers respectively. The species of cestode with percentage of infection recovered from the small intestine of desi (indigenous) birds were: Raillietina tetraona 58.0% (174/300) Raillietina cesticillus 12.6% (38/300) Raillietina echinobothrida 14.0% (42/300) Cotugnia digonoora 10.8% (32/300) Choanotaenia infundibulumn 20.0% (60/300) Amoebotaenia sphenoides 3.3% (10/300) While in conimercial (W.L.H) layers Raillietina tetraona Raillietina cesticillus Raillietina echinobothrida Cotunia dionopora Choanotaenia infundibuluni Anioebotaenia sphenoides they were: 22.0% (66/300) 1.0% (3/300) 3.0% (9/300) 1.0% (3/300) 4.3% (13/300) 2.0% (6/300) No trematode parasites was however recovered both in desi (indigenous) and commercial (W.L.H.) birds during the present study. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0356,T] (1).

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