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1. Comparative Efficacy Of Rocombinant Avian Influenza H9N2 Vectored Vaccine In Poultry

by Nadia Mukhtar | Prof.Dr.Masood Rabbani | Dr.Tahir Yaqub | Prof.Dr.Muhammad Younas.

Material type: book Book; Format: print Publisher: 2011Dissertation note: A correlative study testing the impact of different urban congestions in Lahore upon the bird abundance and diversity was conducted in the monsoon and winter season. A platform of 6 feet diameter and 4 feet height, with a variety of seeds, was offered to attract the grainivorous birds. The number and variety of birds visiting the feeding station was noted, from Dawn to dusk after a period of 6 day installation, which depicted the bird's urbanization in the area. A significant increase in the abundance of birds was observed in the winter season. Areas with large sized pockets of vegetation supported the largest diversity of birds. Grain preference of the birds recorded in the different areas studied showed a relationship between the age long practices of feeding birds with the habituation of the birds. In order of Preference Birds of most areas preferred Pearl Millet (Bajra) seeds, and Rice Seeds, over others. The next choice of food was shown to be Italian Millet and Red Italian Millet, when the amount of these decreased birds started feeding on, Sunflower, then Safflower, and Wheat. Mustard, corn and Chick peas remained feed of least preference. A weak correlation was found between urban population congestion and the number of pigeons, doves, babblers, house sparrows and silver bills. These birds are considered to be urbanized. As shown in the Tables the results suggest that more grainivorous species and invasive species such as House Sparrows are present in the central parts of the city. The outskirts of Lahore, the sub urban areas enjoy a large diversity of avifauna. This finding is supported by Mathew and Naik (1993). Areas where a considerable amount of vegetation is present, such as parks, gardens or big lawns with a lot of vegetation provide a good habitat can be considered as "Pockets of Wilderness" These areas, provide food and habitat for a variety of bird species. Although an exponential increase in urban congestion of cities and a need for further development does not allow room for large areas supporting natural vegetation. However, a plan has to be developed which would ensure a set amount of area for vegetation, to support a healthy diversity of bird species. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 1265,T] (1).

2. Dynamics Of Recombinant Avian Influenza Virus H9-Ha Gene Herpesvirus Of Turkey Vector Vaccine In Chicken

by Shumaila Rani | Prof.Dr.Masood Rabbani | Dr.Tahir Yaqub | Prof.Dr.Masroor Elahi Babar.

Material type: book Book; Format: print Publisher: 2010Dissertation note: Avian influenza (AI) is known to exist for centuries. It's primarily a disease of birds. For prevention and control of H9N2 avian influenza disease, HA gene from Pakistani H9N2 field virus isolate (PK-UDL/01/08 H9N2) cloned into a herpesvirus of turkey (rHVT/AI-H9 having full HA) at Institute for Animal Health, Compton, UK, expressing HA proteins, was given subcutaneously (in the neck). Commercial avian influenza vaccine was given to chicken through intramuscular route. On termination of the experiment, the chicks from all groups were sacrificed and their visceral organs were collected on chick-wise basis. Besides this, blood was collected for complete blood counts (CBC) and blood chemistry. Results of groups were then compared for any significant difference. The data analyses showed that in complete blood counts, there was no significant difference (p<0.05) of total leukocyte counts of different groups of chickens but heterophil percentages showed variation among different groups. Analyses of Serum chemistry results showed that glucose and protein concentration in serum varies significantly (p>0.05) among the different groups of birds. However, there was no significant difference of cholesterol levels among the groups of chickens. For determining the persistence of rHVT/AI-H9 having full HA virus in different visceral organ and in blood samples of Group A, results of the PCR showed the persistence of herpes turkey virus in leukocytes, spleen, liver, lung, kidney and heart. This project helped in evaluating dynamics of recombinant HVT containing avian influenza HA gene from avian influenza H9N2 Pakistani isolate. In future the study may be continued for further biological characterization by isolating the HVT from different visceral organ in different interval of time and fractionating the serum protein and analyzing the gamma globulin fraction in serum to measuring the humoral immune response against the recombinant vaccine. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 1276,T] (1).

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