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1. Comparative Efficacy Of Various Anthelmintics Against Strongylus Vulgaris In Equines

by Qamar Riaz | Haji Ahmed Hashmi | Asif Rabbani | Khalid Pervaiz | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1984Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0117,T] (1).

2. Studies On The Serotyping Of Mycoplasma Isolated From Poultry

by Khalil, M | Ata-ur-Rehman Rizvi | Mr. Manzoor | Mr. Muhmmad Amin | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1984Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0134,T] (1).

3. Post Vaccination Antibody Profile Of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia In Adult Buffaloes

by Najam Raza Naqvi, S | Ata-Ur-Rizvi | Mubasher | Muhammed Amin Sheikh | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1989Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0151,T] (1).

4. Comparative Efficacy Of Rose Bengal Plate Test (Rbpt) And Srum Agglutination Text (Sat)

by Shabbir Ahmad | Muhammed Ajmal | Mubasher | Muhammed Amin Sheikh | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1984Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0152,T] (1).

5. The Role Of Escherichia Coli As Poultry Pathogen

by Rauf Ahmad | Sheikh Muhammed Amin | Asif Rabbani | Muhammed Ajmal | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1986Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0153,T] (1).

6. Incidence Of Rabies Virus In Saliva Of Apparently Normal Dogs In Lahore

by Ajmal Hussain, S | Muhammed Naeem | Asif Rabbani | Ata-Ur-Rehman Rizvi | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1986Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0154,T] (1).

7. Preliminery Studies On Hydropericardium Syndrome In Broiler

by Khurshid Ahmad | Muhammed Ajmal | Muhammed Akram Muneer | Zafar Iqbal | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1989Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0156,T] (1).

8. Poultry Meat As A Source Of Human Salmonellosis

by Saba Mahmood | Muhammed Ajmal | Syed Ata-Ur-Rehman Rizvi | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1987Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0157,T] (1).

9. Preparation Of Fowl Pox Vaccine On Tissue Culture

by Qamar-ul-Islam | Muhammed Yousaf Vaid | Muhammed Akram Muneer | Sheikh Altaf | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1980Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0158,T] (1).

10. Comparison Of Indirect Haemagglutination (Ish) And Mouse Protection Test For Measuring Immunity

by Afzal, M | Sheikh Muhammed Amin | Muhammed | Muhammed Ajmal | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1991Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0161,T] (1).

11. Post Vaccination Antibody Profile Of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia In Adult Cattle

by Anjum Nisar | Muhammed Ajmal | Mubasher | S. Ata- Ur - Rehman Rizvi | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1988Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0163,T] (1).

12. Bacteriological Studies On Milk With Particular Reference To Public Health

by Amin, Sh.M | Dr. M. Ajmal | Dr. Abrar Hussain Gilani | Mr. Riaz | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1973Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0164,T] (1).

13. A Comparative Study Of Brucellosis In Livestock And Human Beings

by Amra Akram | Muhammed Ajmal | Ata- Ur -Rehman Rizvi | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1991Dissertation note: Seroprevalence of brucellosis in 541 cattle, 708 sheep, 780 goats and 63 human beings of one farm and 189 cattle, 125 buffaloes, 68 goats and 51 human beings of the other farm was studied. The various serologic tests used for this investigation included the slide agglutination test for initial screening, and the standard tube agglutination test (SAT) and the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELIS1) for further processing of the sera i.e. quantitation of Brucella antibodies. The higher prevalence of the disease was observed in cattle than buffaloes while goats outnumbered sheep in this respect. The prevalence of the disease in human beings was found to be related positively with the prevalence of the disease in animals. The overall prevalence of the disease in sheep of one farm was found to be 35(4.947.), 27(3.817.) and 29(4.097.), respectively, by the slide agglutination, standard tube agglutination test (SPIT) and ELISA. Goats of one farm displayed a prevalence of 202(25.897.), 173(22.187.) and 183(23.467.) and that of the other, 3(4.417.), 2(2.947.) and 2(2.947.), respectively, by the slide agglutination, SPT and ELISA. This remarkable difference in the incidence of the disease in two farms may be attributed to the difference of sample size. A prevalence of 127(23.48%), 87 (16.08%) and 91(16.82%) was recorded in cattle of one farm while 30(15.877.), 19(10.057.) and 20(10.587.) cattle of the other proved positive respectively to the slide agglutination, SpiT and ELIS. In buffaloes, a prevalence of 17(13.67.) and 11(8.87.) and 11(8.97.) was noted by the slide agglutination, ST and ELISA tests, respectively. While interpreting the age-group relationship of the disease, it was found that adult and old animals had a higher prevalence than the young animals. Owing to the small number of male serum samples, the sex- based analysis of the disease could not have been adequately discussed The enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was found to be a sensitive approach in detecting anti-Brucella antibodies than the slide agglutination and standard tube agglutination tests. The ELISA titres were, on average, about 8 times higher than the corresponding SAT titres The results of this study have revealed an alarming prevalence of brucellosis in animals of farms which calls for an emergent response of experts for reappraisal and reassessment of the present brucellosis control situation, especially when the disease is an important zoonosis and a potential threat to the human health. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0168,T] (1).

14. Studies On Pseudomonas As A Pathogen In Poultry Industry

by Iqbal Siddiqui, M | Muhammed Yousaf Vaid | Altaf Hussain Sheikh | S.M.S Jaffery | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1978Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0176,T] (1).

15. A Study On The Incidence Of Salmonellosis In Poultry In And Around Lahore

by Zubair Anjum | Muhammed Akram muneer | Muhammed Naeem | Tufail | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1983Dissertation note: Poultry has emerged ss an imtrnrtant industry in Pakistan in recent years. The Salmonellosis in poultry has become major hinderence in the development of this industry. The imnortsnt oathoens are Salmonella gallinarum and SalmoneHa nuilorurn which mainly effct noultry. Snot agglutintion whole-blood ranid test was conducted on 1000 birds from breeding stocks at noultrv farms and noul try cliñiôs. 17q (17.9°) reacted oositively and 100 oositive birds were selected and slaughtered and internal organs such as liver, soleen ovary and ilium were collected and their morbid material was cultured on selenite broth for 18-24 hours and then on Salmonel1a- Shigella agar for 24-48 hours at 37°C. Nutrient and MacrConkey agars were used to obtain oure colonies. Salmonella isolations were successful from 54 (54%) cases out of 100. Salmonella gallinarum from i15 (45%) cases and Salmonella pullorum from 9 (9%). The incidence due to S.gallinarum (83.33%) was higher to S.pullorum (16.67%). Different biochemical and serological tests were conducted Serologically 'D' group was confirmed. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0178,T] (1).

16. Post-Haemorrhagic Septicaemia Vaccination Serum Antibody Titre Profile In Buffalo Calves

by Shafeeq Baig, M | Muhammed Amin Sheikh | Muhammed Ajmal | Zafar Iqbal | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1989Dissertation note: A total of 60 buffalo calves, 30 from Military Farm Lahore Cantt and 30 from Livestock Experiment Station Rakh Dera Chahi Lahore were examined for post-haemorrhagic septi- cania vaccination serum antibody titre profile. The animals maintained at Livestock Experiment Station Rakh Dera Chahi were divided into group A (Age-20 months) vaccinated second time and group B (Age 3-7 months), vaccinated for the first time. The Military Farm animals were also vaccinated for the first time. The indirect haemagglutination (IRA) test and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were employed for determination of antibody titres. The animals were vaccinated with alum precipitated formaline killed bacterin. The serum was collected before and after 2,7,12,16,20 and 22 weeks of vaccination from animals of Military Farm. The serum of animals from Livestock Experiment Station Rakh Dera Chahi was collected after 10,12, 16, 20, & 24 weeks of vaccination. On the basis of indirect haemagglutination test, the immune response was very poor upto 7th week postvaccination. The maximum GMT recorded being 1.751 for animals of Military Farm. An outbreak of the disease took place at this stage killing 4 animals with the consequent revaccination of animals; increasing the GMT upto 23.508 five weeks after revaccination. The Livestock Experiment Station Rakh Dera Chahl animals showed a variable immune response in group A and B animals with a better and quick response in the former as compared to the latter. The response remained unsteady upto 12th week postvaccination and thereafter registered an increase in titres, believed to be due to an antigenic stimulus either through a natural infection or revaccination of the animals. The absorbence values of the sera obtained through ELISA gave the same immune response profile as detected by IHA. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0179,T] (1).

17. Diagnosis Of New Castle Disease By Fluorescent Antibody Technique

by Zahida Parveen | Ata-Ur-Rehman Rizvi | Mubasher | Muhammed Naeem | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1985Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0180,T] (1).

18. Studies On Duration Of Maternally Derived Antibodies Against Pasteurella Multocida In Buffalo Calves

by Fayyaz Mahmood | Muhammed Amin SHeikh | M.Sarwer Khan | Muhammed Akram Muneer | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1990Dissertation note: Haemorrhagic septicaemia, an imrortant bacterial disease of dairy animals (buffaloes and cattle), results due to infection of Pasteurella inultocida. Undoubtedly improved managemental practices and regular vaccination program has significantly contributed to lowering the incidence of the disease in our country, however, the pattern of the diseases has under gone changes and contrary to the past, presently the outbreaks are mostly experienced in young animals, especially, calves. The latter are invariably left unvaccinated thinking that they are safe by virtue of their passive immunity. The present project was designed to have an idea regarding the actual period for which maternally derived antibodies were able to afford protection against any possible attack of the infection. The study was conducted on fifty pregnant, randomly selected buffaloes, maintained at livestock production and research institute Bahadarnagar Okara (LPRI). The serum samples of the vaccinated mothers were collected a month before parturition. The serum samples of the calves were collected once before taking colostrum then at the interval of two weeks for the first four weeks. All subsequent sampling was done at an interval of four weeks. The processing of the samples for antibody titre was carried out through ELISA and haemagglutination tests. The indirect haemgglutination and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay tests showed that the titres of maternally derived antibodies, received by taking colostrum, attained a peak during the first two weeks and gradually decreased in the following two weeks i,e up to the age of one month. At the age of 8 weeks calves were found with 0 titres. Aanalysis of IHA revealed that the IHA titres of calves rose from 1.932 GMT to 6.824 GMT from birth to 2 weeks of age and gradually faded to 6.714 GMT after four weeks of age. calves were found with 0 titres at the age of 8 weeks. The analysis of ELISA titres showed highest antibody titre (36.225 GMT) was in calf on 2nd week and then declined (32.633 BMT) gradually upto 4th week. At the age of 8th week calves were found with titres (4.366 GMT) almost negligible. Buffalo dams (407.) were found with low titres when examined for their antibody level 30+10 days before parturition, despite the fact that they received vaccination according to the normal schedule of the farm. Results of the study indicated that there was great need for improvement of vaccine and vaccine schedule i,e animals should be immunized thrice a year. Pregnant dams should be vaccinated late in gestation period so as to raise their antibody levels against the disease, ensuring a sound passive immunity of their off springs. Calves should also be regularly tested for their maternal antibodies and should be immediately vaccinated if passive protection is over. The funding of the present study necessitate the vaccination of calves at 2 months of their age. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0184,T] (1).

19. Bacterial Causes Of Pneumonia In Sheep

by Khadim Hussain, Ch | Dr . M . Ajmal | Mr . H . A | Nr . M . A . Majehd | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1972Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0186,T] (1).

20. Role Of Doves, Parrots And Quails In The Epizootiology Of Newcastle Disease

by Rauf, A | Muhammed Naeem | Manzoor | Muhammed Ajmal | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1984Dissertation note: Three species of birds i.e. doves, parrots and quails, 100 from each species were studied to investigate their role in the epizootiology of Newcastle disease. The serum of each bird was examined for the presence of antibodies to Newcastle disease virus by Haemagglutination Inhibition method using a standard Newcastle disease virus obtained from Veterinary & Research Institute, Lahore. It was observed that 46% of parrots, 29% of doves and 7% of quails had experienced Newcastle disease. The average titre for three species of birds was 76 with a range of 20-1280, being highest in parrots and lowest in quails. Attempts were made to isolate Newcastle disease virus from the faecal material and pooled organs of each bird in developing chick embryo. Five isolates of Newcastle disease virus were recovered from parrots, two from doves and none from quails. The recovered isolates possessed a mild to moderate pathogenicity for day old chicks. From these trials it was evident that doves and parrot could act as carriers of Newcastle disease and disseminate the disease to other birds over vast areas while despite their susceptibility the exact role of quails could not be determined in the epizootio- logy of Newcastle disease. Further studies on larger scale were recommended. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0190,T] (1).

21. Studies On The Isolation And Serotyping Of Salmonella From Faecal Material Of Buffaloes

by Rashid, M | Muhammed Ajmal | Mubasher | S. Ata-Ur- Rehman Rizvi | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1987Dissertation note: Health of human population alongwith animals is always at risk when Salmonella shedding carriers are present. The modern trend of Farm industry makes it more important to look out for the carriers and treat them to save the other animals and man from Salmonellosis. The present work Was under-taken to determine the Salmonella carrier state in healthy buffaloes, in an attempt to understand the epidemiological role played by these animals in the transmission of Salmonella infection to other animals and man. The faecal samples. were collected from 1000 animals. A series of enrichment, selective and differential media, biochemical& 6ro1ogy teste were used for isolation,iden- tification and serotyping of Sa.iionella from the faecal specimens. It was observed that 18 animals out of 1000(1.8%)were carrier of Salmonella. Salmonella typhimurium was isolated from 12 cases while Slamonella butantan was isolated from 6 cases. Occurrence of Salmonella typhimurium and Salmonella butantan are important from Veterinary Public Health point of view. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0191,T] (1).

22. Role Of Maternal Antibody In Determining An Effective Newcastle Disease Vaccination Programme

by Zahid Saeed | M.Ajmal | Altaf Hussain Sheikh | Ata Ur Rizvi | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1985Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0198,T] (1).

23. Immunogenic Studies On Tissue Culture Rinderpest Vaccine In Buffaloes And Cattle

by Saeed Ahmad | Muhammed Yousaf vaid | Ata ur Rehman Rizvi | Muhammed | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1980Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0202,T] (1).

24. Delta Toxin Production By Staphylococcus Aureus Strains, From Different Sources

by Najeeba Aslam | M. Ajmal | M . Ashfaq | M zaman Khan | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1982Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0203,T] (1).

25. Human Gammaglobulin Levels In Health And Disease

by Shaista Munawar | M.Ajmal | Hameed Afzal | Khalid Mehmood | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1979Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0205,T] (1).

26. Effect Of Storage Temperature On Pathogenicity On Hydropericardium Syndrome Virus In Chickens

by Arshad Dar, M | Muhammed Akram Muneer | Muhammed | Muhammed Naeem | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1991Dissertation note: Present study was designed to work out effect of different storage temperatures, and storage periods on pathogenicity of UPS virus. Observations on demonstration of inmiunosuppresive effect of UPS virus and its antigenic relationship with viruses producing similar type of problems in meat type chickens, were also made. Results of this study have shown no significant difference in virulence upto six weeks of storage at the given temperatures. Disease induction was done in relatively younger birds. Histopathological study of different organs from morbid birds showed changes similar to those reported by other workers. Immunosuppressive effect of HPSV was demonstrable by low titers of antibodies against NDV and UPS. Indirect haemagglutination test with sensitized human "0" positive erythrocytes for detection of antibodies against HPSV worked effectively. The test is expected to become more sensitive with use of more purified antigen. Sheep RBCs sensitized without use of chromium chloride did not work in IHA test. Slight antIgenic similarity between HPSV and IBD virus iàs demonstrable in Agar gel diffusion test. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0210,T] (1).

27. Immunomodulatory Effects Of Coccidiostats In Broiler Chicks

by Khalid Munir, Ch | Muhammed Ajmal | S.Ata- ur- Rehman Rizvi | tufail | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1991Dissertation note: The birds that received salinomycin at recommended dosage levels had higher body weight than the monensin treated, cyclophosphamide treated or untreated control birds. Both salinomycin and monensin treatments did not adversely affect the weights of bursa of Fabricius, spleen, thymus, and livers of birds. Cyclophosphamide treatment of birds in early life resulted in bursal atrophy and slight depression of splenic weight gain. As compared to cyclophosphamide treated and non-medicated control birds, the sera of NDV vaccinated birds fed salinomycin/monensin had higher antibody titers on day 42. The post-challenge sera of NDV vaccinated birds fed salinomycin, and monensin also had higher antibody titer as compared to NDV vaccinated cyclophosphamide treated birds. The NDV vaccinated birds on salinomycin or monensin medicated rations and those on non-medicated rations did not have any post virulent NDV challenge mortality. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0211,T] (1).

28. Role Of Pseudomonas As A Poultry Pathogen

by Khalid Hassan | ata _ Ur- Rehman Rizvi | Muhammed Afzal | S. Shahid | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1991Dissertation note: This research work was undertaken to assess the importance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa as a poultry pathogen. For this purpose 4000 samples comprised of spoiled eggs 1000, dead in shell chicks 1000, chicks dying during first week 1000, subsequent deaths 1000, were prodessed. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated from 302 birds giving a percentage of 15.1. While examining spoiled hatching eggs Pseudomonas aeruginosa was revealed in 131 eggs giving a percentage of 13.1 and from 134 dead in shell chicks giving a percentage of 13.4. The agewise incidence of Peudoinonas aeruginosp infection was zero percent in day old chicks, 25.6 percent in one week old, 24.84 percent in 2 weeks old, 12.69 percent in 3 weeks old, 11.76 percent in 8 weeks and 7.46 in 9 weeks, 7.69 percent in 11 weeks old and 9.32 percent in 12 weeks old and no incidence was observed in chicks of less than one week and in chicks beyond 12 weeks of age. Pathogenicity of the isolate was studied in one day old chicks and 10 days old developing chick embryos. Twenty six out of 30 chicks died within one to 7 days whereas all the embryos died within 24 hours to 48 hours post-inoculation. The post-mortem examination in dead chicks showed haemorrhagic oedema at the site of inoculation and in dead embryos generalized congestion below the skin. Pseudonionas aeruginosa was re-isolated from heart blood and liver of these chicks and from yolk and chorioallantoic fluid of the embryos. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0217,T] (1).

29. Studies On Clostridial Flora Of Ovine Gut

by Zarar Ahmad | S .Ata -Ur- Rehman Rizvi | Muhammed | Muhammed Naeem | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1991Dissertation note: Clostridial organisms are a part of the normal flora of animal intestine. Under conditions of stress and intestinal stasis bacteria multiply at a very rapid rate and produce intestinal disorders and other acute septicaemic diseases which may result in high mortality and condemnation of carcass and abortion and loss of milk yield in less severe cases. Faecal samples of 500 sheep of various ages and both sexes, slaughtered at different abattoirs of Lahore were examined during the present study. Clostridial organisms belonging to different species were isolated from 320(64%) ou,t of 500 animals examined. Based upon morphological, colonial and biochemical characteristics these isolates were identified as Clostridium perfrinens 180(36%), Clostridium apcroenes 113(22.6%), Clostridium tetani 10(2%), Clostridium chauvoei 9(1.8%) and Clostridium botulinum 8(1.6%). Pathogenicity of the isolates was determined in mice and it was observed that 36.25% of the isolates were pathogenic in this species producing acute septicaemic diseases. Out of the different species isolated 11.11% Clostridium chauvoei, 58.33% Clostridiuin prfrinens and 100% Clostridluin tetani were found pathogenic. Pure cultures of isolated organisms were obtained from the livers, tissues and blood of the inoculated mice. Clostridia are an important group of pathogenic bacteria of veterinary public health significance, further work is recommended for the identification of the toxigenic groups within each species. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0219,T] (1).

30. Serosurveillance Of Brucellosis And Leptospirosis In Horses At Lahore

by Amir Altaf, M | Muhammed Ajmal | M. Akram Muneer | Rashid Ahmed | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1992Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0231,T] (1).

31. Isolation & Characterization Of Newcastle Disease Virus Strains In Poultry

by Shazia Afzal | Sheikh Muhammed Amin | Asif Rabbani | Muhammed Ajmal | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1992Dissertation note: A study was undertaken to isolate and characterize Newcastle Disease Virus Strains involved in field outbreaks. A total of 1000 diseased/dead birds ( broilers, layers arid non-discript birds ) were examined for this purpose. The isolation of the virus was attempted from composite samples comprising lungs, liver, spleen, brain and proventriculus of the suspected birds, which was inoculated in embryonated eggs through allontoic cavity route. Out of the total birds examined only 6(0.06%) yielded ND Virus. All the strains present in allontoic fluid gave a positive reaction to spot haemagglutination test, on fowl RBCs. The isolates were confirmed as Newcastle disease pathogen through a positive reaction to haemagglutination inhibition test conducted with known positive sera against Newcastle disease. Various value values obtained for mean death time (MDT) were 48, 60, 70, 72, 48 and 62 hours for isolates. No. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and £ respectively.. Values of intracerebral pathogencity index far isolated No. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 were 1.71, 1.68, 1.58, 1.46, 1.7 and 1.65 respectively. The intravenous pathogenecity index varies recorded were 230, 200, 1.91, 1.88, 2.08 and 1.93 for isolate No. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 respectively. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0242,T] (1).

32. Studies On Anaerobic Ruminal Bacterial In Nili-Ravi Buffaloes

by Sajjad Hussain, S | S.Ata-Ur-Rehman Rizvi | Muhammed Akram Muneer | Rashid Ahmed | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Nature of contents: biography; Literary form: Publisher: 1992Dissertation note: 1000 samples of ruminal fluid, 500 from each of the two experimental Nili-Ravi buffaloes, kept in Nutrition Section of College of Veterinary Science Lahore were examined for ruminal flora. One quarter of sample 1rom each animal were used for the isolation of proteolytic, amylolytic and lypolytic bacteria. From these samples 617 species of bacteria were Isolated and identified on the basis of morphological, cultural and biochemical characteristic. Number of species of different bacteria isolated were Streotococcus bovis 229 (109 from tiuffalne A and 120 from buffaloe B.), Selenomonas ruminantium 16 (9frorn buffaloe A and 7 from buffaloe B), Bacterolde amylophilus 83 (28 from buffaloe A and 55 from buffaloe B); Bacteroides ruminicola 79 (36 from buffaloe A and 43 from buffaloe B), Anaerovibrio lvoolvtica 47 (19 from buffaloe A and 28 from buffaloe B), Bacteroides succiriopenes 59 (31 from buffaloe A and 28 from. buffaloe B), Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens 40 (25 front buffaloe from A and 15 from buffaloe B), and Ruminncoccus fjvifacieris 64 (26 from buffaloe A and 38 from buffaloe B). It was observed that both the experimental buffaloes, maintained on the same diet, had a similar type of bacterial flora, the differences being in number only. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0252,T] (1).

33. Immunomodulatory Effects Of Coccidiostats In Broiler Chicks

by Fraaz Mahmood | Muhammed Akram Muneer | Manzoor | Muhammed Naeem | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1991Dissertation note: This study indicated that Amprolium and Clopidol (Coyden 25) when used at recommended dosage levels (6.25 gm of pure drug/50 kg of feed & 25 gin of premix/50 kg of feed respectively) did not interfere with the body weight gain of birds; did not have adverse effects on weights of lymphoid organs such as bursa of Fabricius, spleen, thymus, liver; did not interfere with the development of serum antibody in vaccinated or vaccinated and challenged birds; their medication in feed had beneficial effects on serum antibody development; did not result in higher post-challenge mortality of vaccinated birds as compared to the non-medicated vaccinated control birds. The injection to baby chicks on first 4 consecutive post-hatching days with a known immunosuppressive agent (Cyclophosphamide) resulted in lower body weights, destruction of the bursa of Fabricius, poor antibody response of birds to vaccination against NDV, and very high post-challenge mortality, upon challenge with a virulent strain of NDV. The weight gain studies indicated that vaccinated and non-vaccinated birds on Amprolium and Clopidol medicated feeds had non-significantly higher body wegh ts that those on non-mothcateii ration at 42 days of age. Oopiclo) (Coyden 25), at recommended dosage level, had more beneficial effects on the body weights than the Amprolium. These studies further indicated that vaccinated birds kept on Clopidol medicated feed had significantly higher serum antibody titres on day 42 than the vaccinated non-medicated control birds. The serum antibody titres of vaccinated birds on Clopidol medicated feed were significantly higher than those fed Amprolium at recommended dosage levels. From the results of this study it is concluded that Clopidol and Amprolium are not immunosuppressive drugs when used at recommended dosage levels. They rather have beneficial effects on growth 1)erforr1arIce and immune response of birds. However, there is a need for further investigations. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0256,T] (1).

34. Sero-Epidemiology Of Leptospirosis In Buffaloes In Sargodha Division

by Muzaffar Ahmad, Gondal | Ata-Ur-Rehman Rizvi | Muhammed | Muhammed Akram Muneer | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1992Dissertation note: Leptospirosis is an infectious disease of domestic animals and man. In dairy animals leptospiral infection may produce reproductive disorders, abortion, repeat breeding, mastitis and infertility. Etiological agent has more than 180 distinct pathogenic serovars which can be classified into 18 serogroups. On the basis of serological evidence of leptospirosis, a study was carried out to find the incidence, magnitude and serological distribution of leptospira interrogans in Sargodha division. Out of 713 total serum samples, 301, 157, 147 and 108 were collected from Sargodha, Khushab, Bhakkar and Mianwali districts respectively. These serum samples were of aborted, mastitis infected, healthy pregnant and non pregnant, sterile, repeat breeding and male (service, plough and traction) buffaloes. All the samples were subjected to Rapid Macroscopic Agglutination Test (RMAT). This test was performed both for initial screening and for the identification of leptospiral serovars of positive animals against eleven antigens used. So it is necessary to control the veneral disease in dairy animals as the evidence suggests that the disease may cause great economic losses to the livestock. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0257,T] (1).

35. A Study On The Incidence And Tyhpes Of Salmonella Infection In Sparrows

by Anjum Anwar | Ata_ur-Rehman | Muhammed Naeem | Tufail | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1984Dissertation note: In the present study a total number of 100 sparrows were studied for the isolation of Salmonella organisms. The internal organs like spleen, liver, intestine and lymph node were removed from the birds and cultured on enrichment and selective media for isolation of Salmonellae. The isolates were confirmed by biochemical and serological tests. Three species of genus Salmonella namely Salmonella typhimurium, Salmonella pullorurn and Salmonella gallijiarum were isolated, the relative % of each species being 3%, 6%, and 20% respectively. The presence of Salmonella typhimurium in sparrows was of great public health significance, while the two latter species were of great importance for the poultry industry. Further work on a much large scale, was recommended Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0268,T] (1).

36. Sero-Epidemiology Of Rinderpest & Bovine Viral Diarrhea (Mucosal Disease) In Sheep And Goats

by Amjad Hassain | Muhammed Amin Sheikh | Manzoor | Muhammed Akram Muneer | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1992Dissertation note: The present study was conducted to find out the prevalence of rinderpest and bovine viral diarrhea virus antibodies in the sera of sheep and goats. For this purpose, 1000 serum samples were randomly collected from four different sources. The samples were distributed uniformly from each species i,e.. sheep and goats from all the four sources. Agar gel-immunodiffusion (PGID) test was employed for the investigations. The results of the study revealed that overall 4.2% sheep sera were having rinderpest viurs antibodies while 1.6% sheep sera were possessing antibodies to bovine viral diarrhea virus. Goat sera tested demonstrated that 2.4% were having rinderpest virus antibodies whereas only 1.0% were possessing antibodies against bovine viral diarrhea virus. It is observed that there is higher prevalence rate of rinderpest virus and bovine viral diarrhea virus antibodies in sheep as compared to goats. The findings of this project revealed a moderate exposure, of sheep and goat population surveyed, to the pathogens of both the diseases. However further research is suggested for realistic determination of the role of sheep and goats in epidemiology of these menaces and the resultant revival of the control measures.. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0285,T] (1).

37. Bacteriological Study Of Enteritis In Broiler Breeders In And Around Lahore

by Imtiaz ul Haq | Muhammed Naeem | Mubasher | Muhammed Ajmal | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1993Dissertation note: Abstract Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0286,T] (1).

38. Seerological Incidence Of Avian Infectious Bronchitis In Broiler In Lahore

by Talha Farooq | Ata-Ur-Rehman Rizvi | Asif Rabbani | Muhammed Naeem | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1986Dissertation note: Avian Infectious Bronchitis (AIB) is an important disease of chickens affecting birds of all ages, both sexes and, all breeds. The disease is more severe in broilers. It occurs .in two clinical forms i.e. the respiratory form and the reproductive form. In the first form of disease the mortality is an important factor, while in the latter form the reproductive tract and reproduction of birds are affected. The economic significance of Avjan Infectious Bronchitis lies in the fact that it causes moderate to heavy mortality and marked drop in egg production, increased number of small size, misshaped, and poor quality eggs; low hatchability, death in shell and early chick mortality. The present work was planned to investigate the serological incidence of Avian Infectious Bronchiti and to have a knowledge about the important serotypes provlent in Pakistan. The sera of 200 broilers from various broiler markets and poultry farms of Lahore was tested against 4 serotypes of Aviari Infectious Bronchitis virus i.e; 1assachusets, Connecticut, Arkansas and JMK using haemsgglutination inhibition test. The work has shown that Avjan Infectious - ronchitis is present in broilers in and around Lahore, as antibodies against three important serotypes i.e. Massachusetts, Connecticut and Arkansas were detected in 11.5% sera of 200 tested birds. Further work on large scale using birds from different parts of the country is recommended to determine the exact status of this disease in Pakistan. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0287,T] (1).

39. Toxigenic Properties Of Staphylococcus Aureus From Human And Animal Origin

by Tayyaba Rashid | Ata-Ur-Rehman Rizvi | Manzoor | Muhammed Ajmal | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1984Dissertation note: A total number of hundred strains of Staphylococcus aureus including 50 human and 50 horse wounds strains, were isolated on Staphylococcus medium No.110. The isolated strains were maintained on nutrient agar slants. The strains of Staphylococcus aureus were examined for the production of coagulase, fibrinolysin, alpha haemolysin,beta haemolysin and delta toxin. The isolated strains were coagulase positive but a variable coagulase activity against the plasma of human, sheep and rabbit. Human plasma gave better results than rabbit and sheep plasma. brinolytic activity of Stapylococcus aureus was tested in oxalated plasma of human, sheep and rabbit. Strains isolated from human surgical wounds were found to be more fibrinolytic as compared to horse isolates. Human and rabbit plasma were a better indicators for checking fibrinolytic activity. None of the isolated strains showed fibrinolytic activity against sheep plasma. The isolates of Stphlococcus aureus were cultured for alpha haernolysin production in nutrient broth culture. Alpha toxin was purified and its haemolysin activity was determined qualitatively and quantitatively against human, sheep and rabbit erythrocytes. Maximum haemolytic activity was observed against rabbit erythrocytes. Out of hundred strains, sixty-eight produced alpha haemolysin including 45 from human and 23 from horse wounds. The isolates of Staphylococcus aureus were cultured in semi-solid Heart infusion agar for the production of eta haemolysin. This toxin was purified and its haemolytic activity was determined qualitatively and quantitatively against human, sheep and rabbit erythrocytes. Naximum haemolytic activity was observed against sheep erythrocytes. Out of the hundred strains, beta haemolysin was produced by sixty-two strains including 15 from human and 47 from horses. The isolates of Staphylococcus aureus were cultured in Brain Heart infusion agar for .the production of delta toxin. This toxin was purified and its haernolytic activity was observed qualitatively and quantitatively against human, sheep and rabbit erythrocytes. Maximum haemolytic activity of dlta toxin was observed against human erythrocytes. Out of the hundred strains, seventy-one produced delta toxin including 43 from human and 28 from horses. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0288,T] (1).

40. Study Of Dahi Microflora

by Khalid Naeem | Ata-Ur-Rehman Rizvi | Muhammed Akram Muneer | Tufail | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1982Dissertation note: One hundred and fifty three dahi samples, from Lahore Milk Plant (51) from various homes (51), and from the Lahore city market (51), were subjected to physical and bacteriological examination. The physiological analysis revealed that only 24% of Lahore milk plant dahi samples were of popular solid-uniform texture; however, 58% were having good aroma and desirable taste; 64% samples from home made dahi were also of good texture typical /acidic aroma sweet/mildly sour in taste. From market 65% were of firm texture, desirable flavour rind sweet/mildly sour in taste. The remaining samples were of poor quality viz, of watery tecture, sour or bitter in taste and alcoholic or yeasty in aroma. Total bacterial count was ranging tram 2 x 107- 1 x109 organisms per ml from Lahore Milk plant dahi, 2.5 x 107 -9.8 x 108 organisms per ml in home made dahi and 1.1x106-9.5x107 organisms per ml from market made dahi. The fat percentage aid pH values were 3.8 - 3.9% and 3.5 - 5.9 from Lahore Milk Plant dahi, 3.2 to 4.4% and 3.4 to 6.0 from home-made dahi and 2.5-4.3% snd 3.4-4.9 in market-made dahi, respectively. The number of samples showing various a types of organisms from Lahore Milk Plant made dahi are given below: Sterptococcus lactis (48 samples), Streptoccus thermophilus (47 samples), Lactobacillus acidophilus (45 samples), Lactobacillus bulgarious (35 samples), Leuconostoc citrovorum (10 samples) Escherichis coli (5 samples) Bacillus cereus (2 samples), Entrobacter aerogenes (2 samples), yeasts (2 samples) and moulds (1 samples) The number of samples showing different types of organisms from home made and market made dahi are detailed below: Streptococcus lactis (45 and 43 samples), Streptococcus thermophilus (45 and 30 samples), Streptococcus faecalis (7 & 12 samles), Staphylococcus suresu (2 and 5 samples), Lactobacillus acidophilus (35 & 25 samples), Lactobacillus casei (1&4 samples), Lactobacillus bulgaricus (40 & 48 samples) Leuconostoc citrovorum (12 and 15 samples), Escherichia coli (10 and samples), Enterobacter aerogenes (8 & 18 samples), Bacillus cereus (5 and 12 samples), yeasts (6&7 samples) and moulds (2&3 samples) respectively. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0289,T] (1).

41. A Study On The Incidence Of Glanders At Lahore

by Nasreen Niaz | Muhammed Yousaf Vaid | Altaf Hussain | Ata-Ur-Rehman Rizvi | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1977Dissertation note: Using P.P.D. mallein 200 horses from the Lahore S.P.C.A. Hospital were subjected to intradermal palpebra]. mallein test. One horse gave a positive result giving an over all percentage of 0.5 percent in the animals tested. The morphological, biochemical and pathogenic characteristics of the Pseudomonas mallei isolated erom this solitary positive case were studied and reported. Keeping in view the highly contagious nature of the disease and its communicability to man, measures for its diagnosis and eradication have been recommended. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0290,T] (1).

42. Effects Of Coccidiosis On Immune Response Of Broiler Chickens

by Farhat Nazir Awan | muhammed Naeem | Muhammed | Muhammed Akram Muneer | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1993Dissertation note: This study indicates that Eimeria tenella and Eimeria necatrix infection (50,000 sporulated oocysts\bird) interfere with the body weight gain of birds, have adverse effects on weights of lymphoid organs such as bursa of fabricius, spleen, thymus and liver, interfere with the development of serum antibody in vaccinated birds only, when the vaccination is done in the presence of organisms, does not interfere with the development of serum antibody in vaccinated challenged birds, results in high post cha1leige mortality of vaccinated birds as compared to the vaccinated control and vaccinated coccidiosis treated birds. The injection to baby chicks on 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th day post hatching with Cyclophosphamide resulted in lower body weight, destruction of the bursa of fabricius, poor antibody response of birds to vaccination against NDV and very high post challenge mortality upon challenge with a virulent strain of NDV. The weight gain studies inctkated that vaccinated and non- vaccinated coccidial infested birds and coccidiosis treated birds had significantly lower body weight than those of control\coccidiosis free birds at 50 days of age. Coccidial infection had adverse effects on the body weight gain. The study further indicated that vaccinated coccidial infested birds had significantly lower serum antibody titers on day 50 than the vaccinated control and vaccinated coccidiosis treated birds. The serum level of vaccinated coccidiosis treated birds and vaccinated control bird were on same level at day 50. From the results of this study it is concluded that coccidia are immunosuppressive agent but they suppress the growth performances and immune response of bird temporarily. However, when the birds recover from the infection, they attain their normal immune status. SUMMARY The birds that received oocysts of Eimeria tenella and Eimeria necatrix (50,000 sporulated oocysts\bird) and were not treated throughout the experimental period had lower weight gains than the coccidiosis treated cyclophosphamide treated and coccidiosis free\control birds. Coccidial infection adversely affected the weight of thyrnus, liver whereas bursa of fabricius and spleen had slight depression in their weight. Cyclophosphamide treatment of birds in early life resulted in bursal atrophy and slight depression of splenic weight. As compared to control and coccicliosis treated birds, the sera of NDV vaccinated coccidial infested birds had lower antibody titers on day 50. The post challenge sera of NDV vaccinated coccidial infected birds had higher antibody titers as compared to NDV vaccinated cyclophosphamide treated birds. The NDV vaccinated coccidial infested and NDV vaccinated cyclophosphamide treated birds had significant post virulent NDV challenge mortality, whereas the vaccinated control and vaccinated coccidiosis treated birds did not have any mortality following NDV challange. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0302,T] (1).

43. Immunogenic Studies On Temperature Resistant V4 Strain Of Newcastle Disease Virus

by Sakhawat Hussain, Shah | Sheikh Muhammed Amin | Manzoor | Muhammed Akram Muneer | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1993Dissertation note: This experiment was conducted to study the immunogenic response of '14 strain of NOV which was administered through different routes normaly practiced in Pakistan (eyedrop, drinking water, subcut and intramuscular) Birds in group A were vaccinated intraocularly on 7th day of age and then on 21st day of age they were again vaccinated subcutaneously with '14 strain of NOV . The GMT titer on 12nd day of their. age was 169 and they showed 757. survival when challenged with VVNDV. Group B was administered V4 strain of NDV in drinking water twice on 7th day of age and on 21st day of age. Their GMT HI titre on 42nd day was 104 .They showed 70%. protection percentage when challenged with virulent virus. Chicks of group C were vaccinated introcularly with V4 strain on 7th day of their age and intramuscularly on 21st day of their age with V4. Their sera when analysed on 42nd day of age indicated GMT HI titre of 181. They showed highest protection 807. when , Challenged with virulent virus. Group 0 was vaccinated intraocularlywith Mukteswar strain of MDV on 7th day again substaneously on 2lth day . Their GMT H.I titre was 194 on 42nd day of age. Challenged with VVNDV protected 85% birds. This study indicates that V4 strain of NOV induces higher H I titer and protection percentage when administered 1/rn than S/C and drinking water routes. However Mukteswar strain gives more HI titer and protection than V4 strain through S/C route. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0307,T] (1).

44. Studies On Avian Pasteurolosis, Characterization Of Isolates From Diseased Carrier Birds

by Tanveer Afzal | Sheikh Muhammed Amin | S Ata-ur-Rehman Rizvi | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print Publisher: 1992Dissertation note: A total of 1000 birds (600 diseased/dead and 400 healthy) were examined for the isolation of the Pasteurelia muitocida so as to have an idea about the incidence of fowl cholera in the poultry flocks (Broiler and Layer) and the percentage of the carriers for the organism maintiined in and around Lahore. Out of 600 diseased/dead birds examined 1% yielded Pasteurella inultocida. None of the 400 healthy birds proved carrier for organism. All the six isolates produced small, greyish, circular colonies on blood agar. The growth in the Triptic Soya agar appeared in the form of convex, entire edged, mucoid colonies having a diameter of ljim. There was not any growth on MacConkey agar. All the isolates fermented glucose, sucrose, mannose, mannitol, xylose and fructose with production of both, acid and gas. Likewise all the six isolates were positive for nitrate reduction, catalase/reduction, indole production H2sproduction nitrate reduction tests. None of the isolates was positive for gelatin liquification methyl red test, voges-Proskauer test, and urease production test. All the isolated organisms were non-motile. All the isolates proved pathogenic to mice. Antibitics including chloramphenicol, Gentamicin Furadantin, Streptomycin and Nalidixic acid were highly effective against all the isolated strains. However the isolates were insensitive to Tetracycline and Erythromycin. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0325,T] (1).

45. Serological Sruvey Of Brucellosis And Leptospirosis In Camels

by Anwar ul Haq | Muhammed Naeem | Muhammed | Muhammed Akram Muneer | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1993Dissertation note: The present study was carried out to determine the incidence of brucellosis and leptospirosis in camels. Five hundred serum samples of camels awaiting slaughter at Lahore abattoir were tested in laboratory by slide agglutination and standard tube agglutination tests. The slide agglutination test recorded a relatively higher prevalence of the disease than the standard tube agglutination test. Four leptospira serovars were used as antigen and positive results were obtained with L. pomona, L. icterohaemorrhagiae and L. australis. The serum samples having a leptospiral antibody titre of > 100 were considered as positive. The over-all prevalence of brucellosis in camel population was 4.2% by slide agglutination test and 3.6% by standard tube agglutination test. The overall incidence of brucellosis in male camels was found to be 3.4% and the female camels demonstrated a prevalence of 4.5%. The sera with standard tube agglutination titre of 1.40 and above were considered positive while those heaving a titre of 1:20 were located as doubtful. The overall prevalence of leptospirosis was 3.4% while it was 2.72% in male camples and 3.4% in female camples. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0326,T] (1).

46. Immunomodulatory Effects Of Vitamins On Stressed Broiler Chickens

by Isma Nazli Bashir | Muhammed Akram Muneer | Muhammed | Muhammed Amin Sheikh | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1993Dissertation note: The birds which received vitamin C (300 mg/kg of feed) had higher mean body weight than the birds which received vitamins B2, B6, 1312, cyclophosphamide and ration without vitamins. Vitamins B2, B6, B12 and C treatments did not affect the bursa of Fabricius, spleen, thymus or liver weights. Treatment of birds with cyclophosphamide in early life resulted in bursal atrophy and depression of splenic weights. Compared to Cyclophosphamide treated and ration without vitamins offered bird, the sera of NDV vaccinated birds kept on vitamins B2, B6, B12 and C had higher antibody titres on day 42. Amongst various treatment groups the highest haemagglutination-inhibition titre was recorded in Vitamin C treated birds. The post-challenge sera from NDV vaccinated birds [Group 1(vitmin B2 treated), II(vitamin B6 treated), III(vitamin B12 treated) & IV(vitamin C treated)] had higher antibody titre as compared to group V(cyclophosphamide injected) and VII(offered ration containing vitamins). The NDV vaccinated birds of groups Ib(vitaniin B2 treated), llb(vitamin &B6 treated), IIIb(vitamin B12 treated), IVb(vitamin C treated), VIb(offered ration containing vitamins) and VIIb(offered ration without vitamins) did not have any significant post virulent NDV challenge mortality. However, hundred per cent mortality in the birds of subgroups Ia(vitamin B2 treated), IIa(vitamin B6 treated), Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0327,T] (1).

47. Studies On The Anaerobic Flora Of The Camel Intestine

by Saeed Akhtar, Lodhi | Ata-Ur- Rehman Rizvi | Muhammed | Muhammed Naeem | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1993Dissertation note: The study was undertaken to determine the anaerobic intestinal flora of camel. Anaerobic organisms are a part of the normal flora of animal intestine. Under condition of stress and intestinal stasis bacteria multiply at a very rapid rate and produce intestinal disorders and other diseases. The sample of intestinal contents were collected from 100 apparently healthy camels slaughtered at Lahore abattoir. Anaerobic organisms belonging to different species were isolated from 55 out of 100 animals examined. Based upon morphological, colonial and biochemical characteristics these isolates were identified as clostridium perfingens 29 (29%) Clostridium sporogenese 10 (10%), Clostridium tetani 4 (4%), Clostridium chauvoei 2 (2%), Clostridium botulinum 3 (3%), Clostridium bifermentans 5 (5%), Clostridium septicum 2 (2%). Pathogenicity of the isolates was determined in mice and it was observed that 15% of the samples were pathogenic. Out of the different species isolated 38% clostriadium perfringens and 100% Clostridium tetani were found pathogenic. Pure culture of isolated organisms were Qbtained from liver, tissues and blood of the inoculated mice. Since clostridia possess the ability to invade the animal tissue under condition of stress it is suggested that proper prohylactic measures should be adopted to protect the animal from these diseases. High incidence of clostridia in slaughtered camel is alarming. Appropriate hygienic measures are needed to be adopted. A little literature is available on this topic and it requires a series of investigations to get a complete picture of anaerobic organisms present in gastro intestinal tract. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0338,T] (1).

48. Studies On The Aerobic Flora Of The Camel Intestine

by Jamshed Iqbal, Bhatti | Ata -Ur-Rehman Rizvi | Muhammed | Muhammed Naeem | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 1992Dissertation note: The study as undertaken to determine the aerobic intestinal bacterial flora of camel in an attempt to understand the epidemiological role played by this animal in transmission of diseases to other animals and man. The sample of intestinal contents were collected from 100 apparently healthy camels slaughtered at Lahore abattoir. Each sample was processed through a series of enrichment, differential and selective media for effective primary isolation and identification of aerobic bacteria. The identification of isolates was further based upon their morpholgy and biochemical characteristics. The salmonellae were isolated from 287. and coliform organisms from 157. animals slaughtered respectively. The presence of salmonella in the faeces of 28% animals as highly alarming as it could triger up outbreaks of enteric infection in human beings. Aerobactor and Proteus species were found to be one precent which is not so alarming where as Shigella species as zero percent. Strict hygienic measures at the abattoir are recommended. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0342,T] (1).

49. Factors Affecting Haemagglutination Activity Of Newcastle Disease Virus

by Monem Rizvi, Syed | Dr. Muhammad Akram Munir | Dr. Mian Mubasher Naeem | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print Publisher: 1993Dissertation note: While standardizing various components of haemagglutination (HA) test optimum results were obtained using phosphate buffer saline (PBS) as a diluent, 0.5 per cent red blood cells suspended in PBS as indicator, and by incubating the microtitration plates at 4C. While best Haemagglutination-Inhibition (HI) titers were obtained by using 4 HA Units of antigen and 60 minutes incubation period (time given for antigen-serum reaction). The HI test did not detect maternal antibodies in the serum of birds after 4 week of age. Initial vaccination of chicks at 7 days of age followed by a booster dose at 21 days of age, elicited a good immune response and protected the broilers against virulent NDV challenge at 49 days of age. Administration of a single dose of NDV vaccine at 7 day of age or three NDV vaccine doses, one for priming at 7 days of age, second for first boosting at 21 days of age and third as a second booster dose at 35 days of age were not recommended, as in first case the immunity was short lived and in second case birds were exposed to unnecessary stress. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0353,T] (1).

50. Sero-Epidemiological Study Of Brucellosis And Leptospirosis In Cattle And Buffaloes

by Arshad, M | Dr. Muhammad Akram Munir | Dr. Mohammad Naeem | Dr. Muhammad | Faculty of Veterinary Sciences.

Material type: book Book; Format: print Publisher: 1991Dissertation note: Serum samples were coil collected from 400 buffaloes & 400 cattle maintained at Livestock Production Research Institute Bahadurr.aqar Okara The serum samples were subjected to serological test to detect the presence of antibodies against brucellae and leptospirae.. An over all 7.75 percent animals were found to harbour the antibrucella antibodies. The incidence by R8PT was 5.75 percent & 6,5 percent in cattle and buffaloes respectively whereas 7.0 percent and 8.5 percent samples were found positive to brucellae in cattle and buffaloes respectively by SAT. The incidence of leptospirosis in cattle and buffaloes was recorded to he 9.75 percent and 10.0 percent respectively with an over all incidence of 9.38 percent. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 0354,T] (1).



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