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101. Diseases of Cattle : A Text and Reference Work

by Fincher, M.G.

Edition: 1stMaterial type: book Book Publisher: India : Greenworld Publishers; 2001Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 636.1892 Fincher 15230 1st 2001 Cattle] (1).

102. Rural Tanning Techniques

by Mann.

Edition: 1sted.Material type: book Book Publisher: Rome FAOU, 1960Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 675.23 Mann 6188 1st 1960 L.Production ] (1).

103. Basic Animal Nutrition and Feeding / 3rd ed

by Church, David C.

Edition: 3rd ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: USA : John Wiley & Sons Inc, 1988Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.084 Church 13255 3rd 1988 A.Nutrition] (2). Checked out (1).

104. Effect Of Yeast Supplementation On Growth Performance In Non-Descript Male Cattle Calves In Summer

by Muhammad Tariq Iqbal (2006-VA-209) | Prof. Dr.Khalid Javed | Dr. Muhammad Qamer Shahid | Dr.Saeed Ahmad.

Material type: book Book; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: 2014Dissertation note: Livestock plays an important role in the economy of Pakistan. There are about 72 million heads of large ruminants, playing a vital role in rural economy of country,providing meat and milk to the masses. Withthe increase in human population, meat and milk demands are increasing. Thereis a majorcontribution of beef in total meat productionand cattle have a major share in total beef production. The meager feed resources are major factor for compromised growth performance of our livestock. Feed additives are feed ingredients of non-nutritive nature that stimulate growth, improve efficiency of feed utilization, and also beneficial for health. Products that improve feed efficiency are particularly important because feed costs are a major expense in animal production. Yeast is aunicellular eukaryotic organism much different from bacteria. Among yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiaespecies are important and currently well accepted in ruminant feed. Incorporation of yeast (Saccharomyces cervesiae) culture to animal feed has become a common practice in ruminant feed. Many yeast culture based products have been shown to affect dry matter intake, stabilizing rumen pH and digestibility of different nutrients (Callaway and Martin, 1997). The main purpose of suchadditives in ruminant feed is to prevent rumen flora disorders and disturbances. The inclusion of yeast increases consumption of dry matter, utilization of fiber, increase in average daily gain and yeast cells, and also increases absorption of phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, copper, potassium, zinc and manganese. Due to the greaterconcerns with antibiotics and other growth stimulants in the animal feed industry, research of other feed additives, such as direct-fed microbial (DFM), has increased.DFMs are naturally occurring living microorganisms which are supplemented to enhance microbial population of rumen, and to stabilize rumen PH. DFMare frequently used in milk replacers for gastrointestinal health, welfare, as well as improving average daily gain, daily dry matter intake, and feed efficiency. Practice of these supplements in calves as a preventative measure has increased from 13.1% to 20% from 1996 to 2007 in USA (USDA, 2008). Basic rumen studies shows that yeast apparently does not affect the digestibility, it only alters the degradation curve causing reduction in lag phase before digestion commences, thereby increasing the rate of degradation (Williams et al. 1991). It was also observed that inclusion of yeast may increase cellulolytic microorganisms in rumen. Birkelo and Berg (1994) observed that a yeast culture additive improved performance of yearling cattle fed corn-based finishing diets containing less than 10% roughage.Similarly, yeast addition was found to improve rumen fermentation by enhancing the bacterial population, soultimately increase the growth of ruminants (Beauchemin et al. 2003).Yeast culture addition increasedaily dry matter intake and average daily gain (Cole et al. 1992; Mir and Mir, 1994). According to Blake et al. (1993) and Girard et al. (1997) yeast culture noticeably increase the cellulolytic activities of rumen microorganisms in such a way that they increase their total numbers, improve fiber digestion, decrease lactate accumulation, lessen the concentration of oxygen in rumen fluid and improve utilization of starch supplied in the feeding ration. In this way they influence (inhibit) the rate of volatile fatty acids production and, thus, increase the permanency of rumen environment and improve the intensity of digestion. Yeast culture has also directly enhanced rumen fungi, which may improve fiber digestion (Chaucheryaset al. 1995). Yeast culture addition impact on ruminal lactic acid metabolism; prevent the accumulation of lactic acid in the rumen when they are fed on yeast supplementation. Sullivan and Martin (1999) described that yeast culture supplementation improved the utilization of lactate and digestion of cellulose. Yeast culture may improve ruminal fermentation because they are able to diminish excess oxygen (Newbold, 1996).So they provide optimal environment for fermentation. They amplified the number of rumen protozoa and NDF digestion in calves fed straw-based diets (Plata et al. 1994). Yeast culture has also been revealed to encourage acetogenic bacteria in the occurrence of methanogens (Chaucheryaset al. 1995), which may result in more effective ruminal fermentation. The effect of altered doses of yeast (S. cerevisiae) (0, 3, 6 and 12 g of yeast/day respectively) on the lactating performance of Holstein dairy cows was described by Nikkhah et al. (2004). They concluded that the live yeast(LY) had a favorable effect on the rumen health. Other available data indicated that in the rumen fluid of animals receiving supplements of LY the total content of volatile fatty acids , the percentage of propionic acid (Sullivan and Martin, 1999), acetic acid were enhanced (Nursoy and Baytok, 2003) and the total numbers of ruminal bacteria were also significantly increased (Sune, 1998; Alshaikh et al. 2002; Kamra et al. 2002). The positive effect of yeast may be due to increased dry matter intake reported byWohlt et al. (1991) and Williams et al. (1991).The increase in average daily gain and other productive parameters can be the function of increased dry matter intake and outflow rate of digested material from rumen. The dietary supplementation of yeast culture showed significant increase in degradability of roughage in 6 h (P<0.05) after live yeast addition(Ando et al. (2004).Moreover it is stated that yeast also contribute in maintaining rumen pH, reducing the risk of acidosis, improve rumen metabolism by stabilizing anaerobic rumen environment. It also regulates the digestibility approach, a positive influence on feed efficiency. It also maintains balance of ruminal ammonia concentration,improve feed efficiency in young calves and ultimately increase daily gain in cattle calves. The yeast supplementation in ruminant diets is being practiced at commercial herds both beef and dairy, especially where high concentrate rations are in use. Based on the existing knowledge of live yeast supplementation and the inadequateinformation on the supplemental use of yeast in calves feedand effects on growth performance, under local conditions, the objective of present study was to determine the effects of yeast supplementation in non-descript male cattle calves on growth. Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 2214,T] (1).

105. Textbook Animal Husbandry & Livestock Extension

by P. Mathialagan.

Edition: 2nd ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: India: International Book Distribution Co; 2005Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636 Mathialagan 17983 2nd L.Production] (2).

106. Livestock Handling and Transport / 4th ed

by Gradin,Temple | Grandin, Temple.

Edition: 4th ed.Material type: book Book; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: UK : CABI, 2014Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.083 Gradin 32940 4th 2014 L.Production] (2).

107. Modern Livestock & Poultry Production

by Flanders, Frank | Gillespie, James R.

Edition: 9th ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: USA: Cengage Learning; 2015Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636 Flanders 30800 9th 2015 L.Production] (1).

108. A Textbook of Animal Husbandry

by Kaushish,S.K.

Edition: 1st Reprint EditionMaterial type: book Book Publisher: India: Kalyani Publishers; 2014Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636 Kaushish 30816 1st 2014 L.Production] (1).

109. Beef Production Systems

by Herring,Andy D | Beef meat.

Edition: 1st edMaterial type: book Book Publisher: Malta: CABI; 2014Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 338.176213 Herring 50287 1st 2014 L.Production] (3).

110. Livestock Handling and Transport / 3rd ed

by Grandin, Temple.

Edition: 3rd ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: UK : CABI; 2007Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.083 Grandin 22588 3rd 2007 Livestock Production] (4).

111. Recent Advances in Animal Breeding

by Kintore, Charlie.

Edition: 1st ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: India: Randon Exports; 2013Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.082 Kintore 31173 1st 2013 L.Production] (2).

112. Livestock Sector of India : Regional Aspects

by N.S.R. Sastry.

Edition: 1stMaterial type: book Book Publisher: India: International Book Distributing Co., Publishing Division (IBDC); 1995Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.0954 Sastry 27819 1st 1995 Livestock] (1).

113. Livestock Handling and Transport / 1st ed

by Grandlin, Temple | Grandin, Temple.

Edition: 1st ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: UK : Oxford University Press; 1993Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 636.083 Grandin 13578 1st 1993 Livestock Production] (1).

114. Manual of Internal Fixation in Small Animals

by Brinker, W O | Brinker, W.O | Hohn, R.B | Prieur, W.D.

Edition: 1st ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: Germany : Springer; 1983Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 636.089715 Brinker 12953 1st 1984 Livestock] (1).

115. Feeding Farm Animals

by Kundu, S. S | Singh, Dr. Sultan | Mahanta, Dr. S. K.

Edition: 1st ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: India : Satish Serial Publishing House; 2005Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.084 Kundu 17733 1st 2005 Livestock Production] (3), UVAS Library [Call number: 636.084 Kundu 18266 1st 2005 Livestock Production] (1).

116. Hammond's Farm Animals / 5th ed

by Hammond Jr, J | Bowman, J C | Robinson, T R.

Edition: 5th ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: UK: ELBS; 1983Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 636.082 Hammond 18268 5th 1983 Livestock] (1).

117. Modelling Nutrient Digestion and Utilisation in Farm Animals

by Sauvant, D | Sauvant, D | Milgen, J. Van | Faverdin, P | Friggens, N.

Edition: 1st ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: Natherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2010Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 636.085 Sauvant 27659 1st 2010 Livestock] (1).

118. Precision Livestock Farming '07'

by Cox, S | Cox, S.

Edition: 1st edition.Material type: book Book; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: Netherland : Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2007Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.0883 Cox 31175 1st 2007 Livestock] (1), UVAS Library [Call number: 636.0883 Cox 27816 1st 2007 Livestock] (1).

119. Reproductive Disorders of Livestock : Prevention & Management

by Honnappagol, Suresh S | Tandle, M K | Sonwane, S D | Bijurkar, R G.

Edition: 1st ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: India: S.S.S. Printers; 2006Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.0898178 Honnappagol 18497 1st 2006 Livestock] (2).

120. Livestock Production and Society

by Geers, R | Geers, R | Madec, F.

Edition: 1st ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: Netherland : Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2006Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 636.08 Geers 24757 1st 2006 Livestock] (1).

121. Elements in Livestock Management Techniques

by Hooke, Austin.

Edition: 1st ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: India: Random Exports; 2013Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.03 Hooke 27658 1st 2013 Livestock] (1).

122. Analysis and Management of Animal Populations

by Williams, Byron K | Nichols, James D | Conroy, Michael J.

Edition: 1st ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: USA : Academic Press; 2002Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 575.15 Williams 17951 1st 2002 Livestock] (1).

123. Animal Productivity

by Bhat, P.N.

Edition: 1st ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: India: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.; 1989Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.089 Bhat 12994 1st 1989 Livestock] (2).

124. Livestock Feeding Strategies For Dry Regions

by Pathak, P.S | Kundu, S.

Edition: 1st ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: India: International Book Distributing Co; 2006Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.084 Pathak 31118 1st 2006 Livestock] (4).

125. Breeding for Disease Resistance in Farm Animals / 3rd ed

by Bishop, Stephen C | Bishop, Stephen C | Axford, Roger F. E | Nicholas, Frank W | Owen, John B.

Edition: 3rd ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: UK : CABI, 2010Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.0896079 Bishop 24755 3rd 2010 Livestock] (1).

126. Farm Animals - and Their Mangement

by Watson, J.A.S | Mills, J. W.

Material type: book Book Publisher: India: Satish Serial Publishing House; 2005Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636 Watson 18038 1st 2005 Livestock] (1).

127. Recent Advances in Animal Husbandry and Rural Develpoment

by John Leach.

Edition: 1stMaterial type: book Book Publisher: India: Random Exports; 2013Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.0892 Leach 27817 1st 2013 Livestock] (1).

128. Livestock Health And Welfare

by Roy Moss.

Edition: 1st ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: UK; Wiley-Blackwell; 1992Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.083 Moss 13980 1st 1992 Livestock] (1).

129. Textbook of Animal Behaviour

by Mandal, Fatik Baran.

Edition: 1stMaterial type: book Book Publisher: India: Prentice-Hall of India Pvt.Ltd; 2010Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.0832 Mandal 24760 1st 2010 Zoology] (1).

130. Cow Keeping In India

by Sinha.S.N.

Edition: 5th ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: India: Biotech Books; 2004Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.2083 Sinha 17973 5th 2004 Cattle] (2).

131. Farm Animals and the Environment

by Phillips, Clive | Piggins, David.

Edition: 1stMaterial type: book Book Publisher: UK: Oxford University Press; 1992Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.089 Phillips 13762 1st 1992 Livestock] (1).

132. Scientific Farm Animal Production / 7th ed

by Taylor, Robert W | Field, Tom G.

Edition: 7th ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: USA: Prentice Hall; 2001Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636 Taylor 15223 7th 2001 L.Production] (1).

133. Animal Domestication And Behavior

by Price, O. Edward.

Edition: First ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: UK: CABI; 2002Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.082 Price 27656 1st 2002 L.Production] (1).

134. Textbook of Veterinary Ethics and Jurisprudence

by Dr. Amalendu Chakrabarti | Dr. S. K. Ray | Dr. N. Sahoo.

Edition: 1stMaterial type: book Book Publisher: India: Kalyani Publishers: 2004Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 636.089 Chakrabarti 17398 1st 2004 Veterinary.Ethics] (4).

135. Sustainable Animal Production

by R. C. Jakhmola | R. K. Jain.

Edition: 1stMaterial type: book Book Publisher: India: Pointer Publishers: 2003Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636 Jakhmola 16666 1st 2003 LiveStock] (3).

136. Livestock Economy of India

by S.P.Malhotra | P.C.Bansil.

Edition: 1st ed.Material type: book Book; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: India: CBS Publishers; 2006Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 338.17600954 Bansil 31119 1st 2006 LiveStock] (2).

137. Mineral Nutrition of Livestock / 3rd ed

by Suttle, Neville F.

Edition: 3rd ed.Material type: book Book; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: UK: CABI; 2001Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.08527 Suttle 19936 3rd 1999 A.Nutrition] (3), UVAS Library [Call number: 636.08527 Suttle 14679 3rd 1999 A.Nutrition] (1).

138. Animal Sciences : The Biology, Care and Production of Domestic Animals

by Campbell, John R | Kenealy, M. Douglas | Campbell, Karen L | Campbell, John | Kenealy, M | Campbell, Karen.

Edition: 4th ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: USA: McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math; 2003Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636 Campbell 50509 4th 2013 Livestock] (3).

139. A Textbook On Quality Meat Production

by Ranjhan,S.K.

Edition: 1st ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: India: Vikas Publishing House; 2000Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 636.08 Ranjhan15065 1st 2000 Meat.Science] (1).

140. Scientific Farm Animal Production : An Introduction to Animal Science

by Flied,Thomas G.

Edition: 10th ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: USA: Prentice Hall; 2012Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.08 Field 24787 10th 2012 Livestock] (1).

141. Applying HACCP-Based Quality Risk Management on Dairy Farms

by Noordhuizen, Jos | Silva, Joao Cannas da | Boersema, Siert-Jan | Vieira, Ana.

Edition: 1st ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: Netherland: Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2008Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.2142 Noordhuizen 24331 1st 2008 Dairy] (1).

142. Modern Developments in Animal Breeding

by Lerner, Michael | H. P. Donald.

Edition: U.S. Edition.Material type: book Book Publisher: UK: Academic Press; 1966Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.0824 Donald 7246 1st 1966 Livestock] (1).

143. Health and Disease in Farm Animals : An Introduction to Farm Animal Medicine

by Parker, William Hosken.

Edition: 3rd ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: UK: Butterworth-Heinemann; 1980Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.089 Parker 11312 3rd 1980 Livestock] (1).

144. Livestock Judging Handbook / 9th ed

by Nordby, Julius E | W. Malcolm Beeson | David L. Fourt.

Edition: 9th edMaterial type: book Book Publisher: USA: The Interstate Printers and Publishers, Inc.; 1962Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.0811 Nordby 7782 9th 1962 Livestock] (1).

145. Raising Livestock

by Peters Walter H | George P. Deyoe.

Edition: 2ndMaterial type: book Book Publisher: USA: McGraw-Hill Book Company,Inc; 1954Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636 Deyoe 3906 2nd 1954 Livestock] (1).

146. Economics of The Livestock-Meat Industry

by Williams, W.F | Stout, T.T.

Edition: 1st edMaterial type: book Book Publisher: USA: Collier Macmillan Ltd, 1964Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 338.176 Williams 8624 1st 1964 Livestock] (1).

147. A Textbook of Animal Husbandry

by Banerjee, G. C.

Edition: 7th edMaterial type: book Book Publisher: India: OXFORD; 1997Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636 Banerjee 13786 7th 1997 Livestock] (1).

148. Livestock Handling and Transport / 2nd ed

by Grandin, T.

Edition: 2nd edMaterial type: book Book; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: UK: CABI, 2000Availability: Items available for loan: UVAS Library [Call number: 636.083 Grandin 16641 2nd 2000 Livestock] (1).

149. Basic Animal Nutrition and Feeding / 4th ed

by Pond, Wilson G | Church, David C | Pond, Kevin R.

Edition: 4th ed.Material type: book Book Publisher: USA: Wiley; 1995Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.0852 Pond 15067 4th 1995 A.Nutrition] (4).

150. Animal Health and Housing

by Sainsbury, David.

Edition: 1st American Edition.Material type: book Book Publisher: UK: Williams and Wilkins Company, 1967Availability: Items available for loan: Pattoki Library [Call number: 636.0831 Sainsbury 10046 1st 1967 Livestock] (1).



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